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## Xiaomi camera cannot connect to 4G outside

A very common problem for Xiaomi home surveillance cameras is that it can connect to the home WiFi, but once outside, the user cannot connect.

Basically, a typical scenario is that a user cannot view his camera through mobile data ( It gets stuck at connecting 5%, 10% or even 25%).

## Why am I not able to connect to the Xiaomi camera when I’m outside? (Solved!)

Recently I faced the same problem, which was quite annoying. The main purpose of a home surveillance camera is to view the camera when outside, there is no point in connecting only when I am at home!

The solution can be summarized in the following steps:

1. Unpair the camera from the Mi Home App
2. Uninstall the Mi Home App
3. Reinstall the Mi Home App
4. Select server location to be Mainland China.
5. Pair the camera (manually or through Bluetooth) in the Mi Home App.

And it works! Note that there may still be a 5 to 10 second time lag in connecting the camera through 3G, or 4G cellular data networks outside.

And this solves the problem of “Xiaomi camera cannot connect outside local WiFi network”.

[S$46.90](▼21%)[OFFICIAL ChuangMI SG]XiaoMi(iMiLab) NEW 2020 1080P 360 Home Camera|Mijia App|Night Vision|Baby Cry WWW.QOO10.SG Note that readers may want to read about Fake Micro SD Card! Do purchase your Micro SD Card for Xiaomi camera from a reputable seller, as a very high percentage of SD cards online are fake. ## How to Promote Architecture Firms Online How to Promote Architecture Firms Online According to Architecture Quote that 44.5% of architectural and engineering firms find it difficult to capture clients and forge a meaningful relationship with them. A survey by Archmark showed that 75% of the surveyed architecture companies had little to no clue how to build an online presence. The truth is, the world has moved online. There are more brick-and-click companies today, than brick-and-mortar ones. If you want your architecture company to become visible to clients, you need to move your business online. More importantly, you need to start actively promoting online. Here, we tell you the 8 best ways to promote your architecture business on the internet: 1. Use social media to engage with your prospects Social media platforms like Instagram, Facebook and Pinterest have become the best places to show prospective clients what they can expect from your services. You can publish pictures of your new and old builds. You can upload a video of a property walk through. You can also post messages about your design practices or about what makes you different from other architecture firms. Use the right hashtags to increase the visibility of your posts as well. In 2020, these are some of the trending hashtags in the architect and design space – #architectural, #archilove, #architecturephotography, #interiordesign, #instaarchitecture, #modernarchitecture and #homedecor. 1. Leverage the power of keywords on Google Google keywords are very important in promoting your architecture firm online. They are the words that prospective clients use to find businesses like yours. If you want your website to come up in the first or second page of the search results, you need to use the right keywords. The architecture-related keywords that have the high usage online include “cheap architect near me”, “recommended architects near me”, “remodel architects near me”, “licensed architect near me” and “architects [location]” (ex: architects NYC). Apart from keywords, it helps if you are on-point with the rest of your site SEO as well: • Update all of your website content regularly – it will help you rank higher in the search. • Link your content to information-rich statistics, case studies and blog posts that the prospect can learn from. Internally link your website pages as well. • Write meta titles, meta descriptions and image alt tags for each page. 1. Create a brand identity that is emotionally-engaging to your target clients Studies show that 65% of customers feel emotionally connected to brands they purchase from. 43% of customers spend more money on the brands that they are patrons of. These numbers are proof of why you need to create a brand identity that emotionally engages your prospective clients. There are numerous architecture firms in the USA. But the only reason why a first-time client will choose you, over a competitor, is when he likes the communication you direct towards him/her. From branding your architecture firm as a trusted family friend to showcasing yourself as the leader in corporate architectural design, you can choose a variety of imagery for your brand. 1. Send personalized communication to your site visitors One of the best ways to promote your architecture business online, is to send personalized communication to each website visitor. By capturing leads through your contact page or gated content, you’ll have access to the visitor’s email IDs. You can send them insightful newsletters and emails with discount coupons & seasonal offers. The more frequently you send such personalized communication, the more often will people visit your site and the higher the likelihood of their seeking your design services. 1. Speak at online architecture conferences & events A great way to market your architecture firm to both commercial and residential clients, is to participate in online architecture conferences, panel discussions and webinars. You can showcase your immense knowledge here, display the designs you’ve previously made and answer people’s questions. A few reputed architects even teach an online course in architecture design. They add plug-ins to their business and promote their company to students. This is a great way to attract top-quality talent to your firm. 1. Hold online open houses One of the best ways to promote your business and showcase your talent, is to organize an online open house. You can schedule webinars and share the link with your social media audience. By taking your viewers through the new build that your firm has designed, you can show them how creative, sustainable and resourceful you are. 1. Invest in media Press releases, public relations and newspaper/magazine articles are a great way to increase your company visibility online. These days, you have many media firms that provide end-to-end media representation to architecture companies and even provide coverage for any events you organize. 1. Publish blogs on topics your prospects want to learn about Finally, a great way to promote your architecture firm is to write articles about topics that will interest your prospective clients. You can approach leading architecture publications (such as Architectural Digest, The Architectural Review, Dwell, Contract etc.) and contribute to them. You will gain thousands of readers, many of whom may contact you for your services. Wrapping it up Now that you know how to promote your firm online go ahead and implement these strategies. Architecture firms face a lot of financial risks, and you may have clients or third-party contractors who may sue you for different kinds of reasons. Typically, such claims arise out of a mismatch in expectations. But this can ruin your credibility and cause massive financial losses. The architect’s professional liability insurance could protect you and your firm from such claims and legal costs related to it. Check this website for more information about insurance for Architects. ## You have under a week to grab some free e-Books from Springer Free Math e-books from Springer! Do download them now while they are available! Thanks to Joseph Nebus for the information! (https://nebusresearch.wordpress.com/) Springer released a bunch of its e-Books for free, as one of those gestures of corporate-brand goodwill for the pandemic. The free-download period is slated to end the 31st of July. So if you have any interest in academic books, take a little while and read over the options. Harish Narayanan kindly improved on Springer’s organization scheme by grouping them by subject and ordering them by title. Also adding their Goodread ratings, where available. You can find that grouping here, in a table easy to search. The categories are not perfect — Roman Kossak’s Mathematical Logic is grouped under “Religion and Philosophy”, for example — but it’s a good starting point. And all it’ll cost is download time. I do not know whether this is region-limited, but if it is, it is limited in the most annoying and foolish way possible. View original post ## Seeking The Overarching Purpose Of Your Life – Homily by Archbishop William Goh (26 July 2020) A quote from the video that I find meaningful: Those of you who are doing a job or a career, whatever it is, and you find yourself so drained instead of being energised by what you are doing, it has become a drudgery, this is not your life. This is not your vocation. In fact, you are destroying yourself. You will be making a living, but you will never live. — Archbishop William Goh (At around 3:46 of the video.) ## Monte Carlo Low Tech (No CO2 Carpet Plant) Monte Carlo plant from Argentina is often said to be the easiest carpeting plant and does not require CO2. We try it in our low tech tank beside our Ludwigia Sp. Red (2 months old and still alive). We also cover Monte Carlo plant care tips, guide, and how to plant Monte Carlo. Basic care tips: – Moderate or high light recommended – Nutritious substrate needed – Fertilization recommended (For example Tropica Fertilizer) – Trimming required (ideal thickness of Monte Carlo carpet is 1 to 1.5 inches) The above video is Day 1 (21 July 2020) of planting Monte Carlo. Hopefully it will survive and carpet in the low tech tank, without CO2! ## Monte Carlo Carpet Without CO2 (Day 7 Update) Day 7: Noticeable improvement in the Monte Carlo carpet in my low tech, no CO2 tank! I do have a mini “time lapse” photo of the Monte Carlo before and after, the difference is quite noticeable. The Monte Carlo has “rooted” itself deeper into the substrate. Hopefully it continues to improve and spread out even more. ## Day 13: Monte carlo time lapse (Day 13 Photo Time Lapse), Turning a little brown! Monte Carlo low tech time lapse (photo montage), up till day 13. Growth is noticeable, but yet there is some yellowing and browning. I think the Monte Carlo is still adapting, and possibly transitioning from emersed to submersed. I just heard that another plant, Marsilea hirsuta, may be even easier than Monte Carlo to grow. Tropica rates the Marsilea hirsuta as easy, while Monte Carlo is rated medium. Maybe will try it if the Monte Carlo melts and dies. ## Why Asians Are Good At Math – Jimmy O. Yang Math Joke Jimmy O. Yang is a famous US comedian of Chinese origin. This joke on “Why Asians Are Good at Math” is quite hilarious. Warning on the YouTube video: Strong Language for Singapore/Asian standards (Recommended at least Age 16 or up to watch it.) For US standards, apparently it is normal language, YouTube doesn’t even censor it. To fully understand Jimmy’s joke, you need to understand what is a TI-83 Plus, which is covered in our recommended calculators page. Jimmy is a talented Asian immigrant who excels in the standard repertoire of: playing ping-pong, violin and Math! YANG: Absolutely. I grew up playing ping pong. GARCIA-NAVARRO: (Laughter). YANG: I grew up playing the violin. And I was extremely good at math. ## Tips On How To Set Up Your Baby Nursery After Moving Tips On How To Set Up Your Baby Nursery After Moving Moving to another state, such as from California to New York, can be an exciting adventure. You can probably think of a fresh start for you and your family, and you feel excited about your new place. For instance, if you have a baby, the relocation can be your opportunity to redesign your baby nursery and make it more beautiful and comfortable If you’re moving with your little one, below are a few tips for setting up your baby nursery after your move: • Check Your Baby Inventory While you can always buy new stuff for your baby nursery after the move, you may have existing items that should be brought to your new home. Hence, it’s crucial to hire the best interstate moving and storage service to transport your baby’s things safely. After all, you may not be able to properly set up your nursery room if some of the items are missing or damaged. Once you arrive at your new home, find time to check the inventory of your baby’s belongings to make sure everything you need for the setup is there and intact. These can include sleeping items, bathing supplies, clothing, diapering toiletries, and even nursery storage. Also, be sure all of these things are placed in their respective boxes so it’ll be easier and faster to arrange your baby’s room right after moving. • Paint The Walls And Add Some Décor Now that you have your baby’s things ready to be arranged, it’s time to work on decorating the space and make it beautiful. First, you can start by painting the walls with something colorful or childish. For example, if your baby is a boy, you can coat the surfaces with blue, and if it’s a girl, you can paint it with something pink. Then, the next step in the decoration process is the setting of the curtains. Since your baby will more likely have to sleep almost the whole day, you should use some curtains such as roman shades or short tailored panels to darken the room during naptime. Lastly, you should decorate your nursery room with items that have been there throughout your family history, such as family portraits and many more. Also, you can fill your space with baby decorations to make the new space feel like your old home. • Set The Crib Another essential item to arrange in the nursery room is the crib. This is where your child will sleep and spend most of their time. For that reason, decorate your crib in a way that their sleep should be comfortable. You can do this by putting soft blankets and pillows and even a net so they can feel they’re protected at all times. • Have A Changing Table With your baby’s dirty diaper, it’s best to have a changing table in the nursery room. This is an area where you can change your child’s diapers and clothes quickly and easily. If you have an existing changing table, you can opt to bring it to your new home with the help of professionals like movers near Manhattan. Just make sure the size of the table fits well in your available space to avoid having an oversized table in the room. On the other hand, if you have no enough space, you can use the top portion of a dresser as your changing table. This can undoubtedly save a lot of space and money than buying a new one after moving. • Put Much Storage Of course, your nursery room should have lots of storage spaces to accommodate several things such as gear, diapers, toys, books, clothes, and many more. These things need to go somewhere and not just below your baby’s crib or in an empty corner. For example, you can use a basket for their toys, wall shelves for the children’s books, and open bin storage for blankets. By having a great storage solution, your new baby nursery will look and feel clean and fresh after moving. • Designate A Play Zone Moving can also cause much stress to your baby, especially if they’re introduced to an unfamiliar environment. Hence, if you want your child to feel attached to the room quickly, set up a play zone where they can play anytime they want. Place the toys in a way that they feel happy and excited while they’re playing in the room. Remember, your baby nursery will not be complete with a play area for your baby. Conclusion Indeed, moving can be a daunting task. But, it somehow becomes more challenging if you have a baby to relocate to your new home. Aside from keeping them safe during the process, you also need to arrange the baby nursery right after your move as they should be settled in their comfort zone as soon as you arrive. Luckily, by keeping these tips in mind, you can set up the nursery room without hassle. ## How to develop students’ interest in mathematics For interest in Math, it is totally understandable that many students may find math boring. One way to overcome it is to try to think of each Math question like a puzzle or game (like a Sudoku or Crossword Puzzle). Solving a Math question correctly should bring joy and a sense of achievement just like completing a stage of a game or a puzzle. And the more questions one solves, the better one gets at it. “Mathematics, rightly viewed, possesses not only truth, but supreme beauty—a beauty cold and austere, like that of sculpture, without appeal to any part of our weaker nature, without the gorgeous trappings of painting or music, yet sublimely pure, and capable of a stern perfection such as only the greatest art can show.” ― Bertrand Russell In the Singapore context, basically, Math is quite compulsory in SG education system (up till JC, even arts subject combinations requires math), but once JC is over one can skip Math entirely in university. So a secondary student just have to work hard for math for the upcoming few years, and “get it over with”, if he/she really does not like math. Similarly for Chinese, students need to work hard up till Secondary 4, score well and be exempted in JC. Math can be considered the “easiest” subject to get A, as long as one gets the answer correct he/she will get the full marks, many students complain that getting A for English or other humanities subjects like Literature is much harder due to strict or subjective marking. The important thing is not to give up. Currently, in the Singapore education system it is quite common for students to “fail” exams (fail as in score below 50), especially in secondary school and JC internal exams. It is very possible to improve upon working hard after the failure. “Trust me, its normal, I never passed a single A math test/exam during my sec 3/4 school years, got A2 for O levels in the end. (Mugged really hard after prelims) What matters is understanding the content I feel.” – This student never passed a single A math test/exam up till prelims but eventually got A2 for O levels after “mugging” really hard after prelims. Source: Reddit trust me youre not alone. from mid sec 3 to prelims in sec 4 i got F9 all the way. but then in the end i got an A2 in olevels. one thing u need to know is to NEVER stop believing in yourself. keep on pushing urself all the way till the finishing point. aft seeing my score for prelims, i alm gave up but i told myself to atleast PASS amaths and i’d be satisfied with it. i started spamming my TYS, practice as much as i could. never give up and whenever in doubt just ask ur cher. it rly helps! atb and ik u can do it:)) Source: Reddit dude chill. i got 8% for mye in sec 3 for A Math. form teacher told me drop the subject, but i didnt. ended up o level got A2. just do work given and practice more. – This guy even more “power”, he got just 8/100 for Mid-year exams, but improved to A2 in O Levels. Source: Reddit ## Bible and Chinese history (Su Dongpo & Ecclesiastes) Quite rare to read an excellent article in the Daily Bread (daily biblical stories) with links to Chinese history. I really enjoyed reading this article by Poh Fang Chia. This clearly shows that Christianity is compatible with Chinese culture. The poem by Su Dongpo referenced is 《水调歌头·明月几时有》， namely the most famous lines: 人有悲欢离合，月有阴晴圆缺，此事古难全。但愿人长久，千里共婵娟。 The entire poem is much longer, but most people just refer to these 5 lines. The classic song that encapsulates this poem is the one sung by Teresa Teng: Su Dongpo (also known as Su Shi) was one of China’s greatest poets and essayists. While in exile and gazing upon a full moon, he wrote a poem to describe how much he missed his brother. “We rejoice and grieve, gather and leave, while the moon waxes and wanes. Since times of old, nothing remains perfect,” he writes. “May our loved ones live long, beholding this beautiful scene together though thousands of miles apart.” His poem carries themes found in the book of Ecclesiastes. The author, known as the Teacher (1:1), observed that there’s “a time to weep and a time to laugh . . . a time to embrace and a time to refrain from embracing” (3:4-5). By pairing two contrasting activities, the Teacher, like Su Dongpo, seems to suggest that all good things must inevitably come to an end. As Su Dongpo saw the waxing and waning of the moon as another sign that nothing remains perfect, the Teacher also saw in creation God’s providential ordering of the world He’d made. God oversees the course of events, and “He has made everything beautiful in its time” (v. 11). Life may be unpredictable and sometimes filled with painful separations, but we can take heart that everything takes place under God’s gaze. We can enjoy life and treasure the moments—the good and the bad—for our loving God is with us. By Poh Fang Chia REFLECT & PRAY Thank You, loving Father, for watching over all seasons of my life. Help me to trust in You and enjoy the life You’ve given me. What are some things you’re afraid to try because of life’s unpredictability? How can you lean on Jesus as you step forward in courage to forge new friendships and deepen relationships? SCRIPTURE INSIGHT The book of Ecclesiastes is a book for a postmodern world. The “Preacher,” whom many believe was Solomon, speaks of the frustrations and disappointments of life. Two key phrases in the book are “everything is meaningless” (1:1) and “under the sun” (v. 3). The phrase “everything is meaningless” speaks of life lived on human terms and according to the values of this world, which is described by the phrase “under the sun.” In the end, the Preacher says that the answer to this meaninglessness is to look beyond this world and “remember your Creator” (12:1), who is the only source of true meaning in this life. To learn more about the book of Ecclesiastes, visit The Bible Project, Old Testament Series. Bill Crowder Original source: https://odb.org/2020/07/15/treasure-the-moments ## Time needed for each O Level E Maths / A Maths Question Just to reblog an old post on how much time to take per mark per question for ‘O’ level or IP Math. The above guideline applies for both E Math and A Math, Paper 1 and Paper 2. The basic guideline is 1.5 min per mark. So for a 2 mark question, the time taken should be 1.5×2=3 min. For a 5 mark question, the time taken should be 1.5×5=7.5min. This is the slowest speed allowed in order to finish the entire paper (there is no time to check). Hence, if one wishes to have some time for checking, it is recommended to do questions at a faster speed of around 1.2 or 1.3 min per mark. ## E Maths / A Maths: Maximum time per question Paper 1: 2 hours (120 min) — 80 marks Max. Time taken per mark: 1.5 min per mark Paper 2: 2 hours 30 minutes (150 min) — 100 marks Max. Time taken per mark: 1.5 min per mark In O Levels Maths, speed and accuracy is very important indeed! View original post ## Best Calculator for Linear Algebra and Calculus Many universities and colleges allow students to use advanced graphical calculators for exams in math courses, including linear algebra, calculus and engineering. Having the appropriate calculator can prove to be a huge advantage in terms of getting the correct answer and saving time. Even if the handwritten manual working is required, a good calculator can help to check the correctness of the answer. ## Best Calculator for Linear Algebra The key calculations in linear algebra include calculating the inverse and determinant of matrices. Additional features that are useful in calculators include the ability to calculate eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and RREF (reduced row echelon form). These features can be great time savers (or at the minimum, useful tools for checking your answer), as matrix operations are often tedious and prone to human error. Our first choice would be Texas Instruments TI-84 Plus CE Color Graphing Calculator, Black. This is one of the flagship calculators by Texas Instruments. This type of calculator is something like a smart phone, you would need to download free apps that will greatly magnify its power in solving Linear Algebra equations. Some of the linear algebra capabilities of the TI-84 Plus are: • Calculate adjoint of a matrix • Solve Simultaneous Equations • Calculate dot product, cross product of vectors • Calculate inverse of matrix (when matrix is invertible) • Calculate LDU decomposition, Cholesky factorization • Calculate Eigenvalues and plot the characteristic polynomial • Compute the Frobenius norm of a matrix • Perform Gram Schmidt orthonormalization • Calculate null space (kernel) if a matrix • and more! This calculator is good enough up till senior undergraduate level or even graduate level, for computational intensive modules, such as computational physics or any module that requires linear algebra calculations. For a more budget-friendly version, you may check out the Texas Instruments TI-84 Plus Graphing Calculator, Black which is essentially the black and white version of the TI-84 Plus CE Color. Or for an even cheaper option, you could opt for the older version Texas Instruments TI-83 Plus Graphing Calculator which still supports the linear algebra apps. Often, linear algebra courses include applications to differential equations as well, which overlaps with the next topic on Calculus. Update: For the latest TI-85/86 models, there is a new “Matrix Mode” inbuilt into the calculator that can perform basic matrix operations (including inverse) and other advanced operations such as LU Decompositions, and finding eigenvalues/eigenvectors. Note that paradoxically, the newer TI calculator models may be cheaper than the older ones. ## Best Calculator for Calculus For Calculus, the important features that a calculator should have are the ability to perform numerical differentiation and integration. There are also some amazing apps for TI83/84 that can perform symbolic differentiation, that is, find the derivative of a function in symbols (not just the numerical value at certain values of x). So once again, the TI-84 Plus CE Color Graphing Calculator, White is a good suggested calculator for Calculus modules. If your budget (and course requirements) permit, you should definitely check out the Texas Instruments TI-Nspire CX II CAS Color Graphing Calculator with Student Software (PC/Mac). CAS stands for “computer algebra system”, which means that the calculator is capable of producing symbolic results rather than just numerical results. The TI-Nspire™ CX II features a deSolve wizard function for reducing syntax errors in solving differential equations. The TI-Nspire CX can even do vector calculus. It is a very powerful smart calculator that is essentially a mini-computer. ## TI Calculator Alternatives In my experience as a student and educator, TI (Texas Instruments) calculators dominate the market and are generally considered a good choice. But there are other viable alternatives that can also be considered good for linear algebra, calculus or engineering math. A popular alternative is Casio calculators, for instance Casio fx-9750GII Graphing Calculator with icon based menu. Color white. An immediate advantage of Casio calculators is their low price. The Casio fx-9750 (and related series) calculator is able to calculate determinant of matrix as well as basic matrix operations such as multiplying matrices, finding the inverse of matrix, etc. As mentioned above, the main advantage of Casio graphical calculators is their low price. For advanced features, the TI calculators definitely trump over the Casio calculators. Another alternative to TI calculators are the HP graphical calculators. Let us check out the most powerful HP calculator, the HP 50g Graphing Calculator. The HP 50g Graphing Calculator has a “MatrixWriter form” to facilitate the entry of matrices. It is essentially like an Excel spreadsheet. Once the matrix is entered, there is a myriad of functions that can be applied, such as finding the determinant, trace, transpose, and rank of a matrix. In terms of Calculus, the HP 50g can perform a wide range of calculus functions such as: • Limits and derivatives • Anti-derivatives and Integrals • Calculate the Taylor/Maclaurin series of a function symbolically (up to 4-th order relative power, i.e., the difference between the highest and lowest power in the expansion is 4) • Partial Derivatives (Multivariate Calculus) • Multiple Integrals such as double integral • Vector Calculus such as del, gradient, divergence, curl • Differential Equations • Fourier series The list above is quite impressive! Overall, the HP 50g Graphical Calculator is a very strong competitor to the TI series graphical calculators. ## Best Calculator for Engineering Engineers often need to use Linear Algebra, as well as Calculus. Hence, the best calculator for engineering often overlaps with the best calculator for linear algebra or calculus. Do check out our above reviews and pick the calculator that best suits your needs. In general, we have the below summary. Best Budget Calculator: Casio graphical calculators, such as Casio fx-9750GII Graphing Calculator with icon based menu. Color white. Safe choice, all-round best calculator: TI Texas Instruments Calculator, for instance the iconic Texas Instruments TI-84 Plus CE Color Graphing Calculator, Black Super Powerful Calculator (very advanced and comprehensive features): HP 50g Graphing Calculator ## Baby Nursery Storage Ideas and Hacks to Save Space Taking your little bundle of joy home comes with a lot of responsibilities and a long shopping list of items to take care of the baby. Therefore it becomes quintessential to organize all these items so that they can be used effectively. While arranging and organizing the nursery for your newborn you may stumble upon space constraints. This calls for utilizing the available space in the most efficient way possible. Worry no more, because we are here to help you with some storage ideas and hacks to organize your nursery better. 1. Use convertible furniture Convertible furniture as the name suggests can be converted and used for more than one purpose. Also, you should invest in convertible furniture because it grows with the baby and can help you avoid future investment. For example, you can invest in a crib that can be converted into a toddler bed and can be used later when your baby outgrows the crib. 1. Use space under the crib When faced with the scarcity of space, it becomes important to utilize every square inch of space available. You can store less frequently used items under the crib. For a more organized look, you can use a crib skirt to cover the area under the crib. You can also use decorative baskets to store items and to enhance the overall look of the nursery. 1. Use dividers for hanging clothes Dividers can be used to segregate baby clothes based on size and season. This helps you to manage the outfits for your little ones better. It also saves you time as you know exactly where each item is kept and you don’t have to waste your time searching for them. 1. Use dividers for drawers Dividers in a drawer will help you utilize the entire space effectively. Necessities for your baby can be tiny and thus it becomes imperative to organize them based on categories and using dividers ensures that the entire space is utilized. 1. Maximize floor space. While managing the space in a small nursery you should use tall and thin furniture. This will take up less floor area but will still help you store a lot of space because of its height. We recommend choosing furniture with adjustable racks and dividers. 1. Using baskets Using baskets for necessities like toys, towels and diapers helps you organize stuff and also ensures a faster clean up. You can also use tiered baskets to save up more space. 1. Use wall storage While saving floor space, using wall space becomes inevitable. Use wall hangers with pouches to store necessary items. They not only help you keep essentials handy but may also enhance the entire look of your nursery. Wall hangers can be placed near the crib or bed for easy access. 1. Use racks It is always advisable to go for vertical storage in case of limited floor space. You can use the unused corners of your nursery for racks. These racks can be used to store baby shoes, toys, and other essentials. 1. Keep extra items out of the nursery Being a parent you must have stocked extra items that may come handy in case you run out of them. This saves you an unexpected visit to the store. You should keep your emergency supply out of the nursery to save up space in the nursery. These are some of the storage ideas and hacks to keep your nursery more organized while managing space.And in case you need help with your long shopping list you can use valid My 1st Years Voucher Codes for exciting discounts. ## Can dog eat strawberry? Charlie the poodle eating strawberry. He likes licking the strawberry but actually only eats a little. Maybe Charlie finds it sour. Back to the question of “Can dog eat strawberry”? The answer is: Yes! Dog can eat strawberry. Source 1: AKC (American Kennel Club) Strawberries are a healthy, low-calorie, sweet treat for your dog, full of antioxidants, high in fiber and vitamin C. Here’s a bonus. By giving your dog strawberries, you are also helping him stay healthy in more ways than one. For example, over time, fresh fruit may help slow down the aging process, strengthen the immune system, and help with weight management. Strawberries can also help whiten your pup’s teeth. URL: https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/nutrition/feed-dog-strawberries/ Source 2: Purina Strawberries are good for dogs. But feed strawberries to your dog like you would any other snack. Keep the portion size small. “Treats you feed your dog should make up no more than 10% of his total calories for the day,” Purina Senior Nutritionist, Jan Dempsey says. Use this as a guide so the strawberries you feed your dog won’t cause him to gain extra pounds. URL: https://www.purina.com/articles/dog/nutrition/can-dogs-eat-strawberries Warning: Dog absolutely cannot eat GRAPES! Source: AKC No. Grapes and raisins are known to be highly toxic to dogs, though research has yet to pinpoint exactly which substance in the fruit causes this reaction. Because of that, peeled or seedless grapes should also be avoided. URL: https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/nutrition/can-dogs-eat-grapes/ ## Chinese Oral O Level ## Chinese Oral O Level Mark Weightage (O水准华文口试题目分数比重) The weightage for Chinese Oral for O Level (classified under Paper 3) is quite high, at 25%. The duration of the Chinese Oral exam is only 15-25 minutes in total, hence this short period of time determines quite a lot of marks! ## Chinese Oral O Level Topics 华文口试题目 There is a wide variety of topics that can be tested for the Chinese O Level Oral in the “Daily Conversation” section. The old format used to be based on a picture or photograph, but nowadays students view a video clip and answer or discuss questions based on the video clip. For an extensive discussion of Topics for Chinese Oral (口试话题), check out this page on Chinesetuition88.com. Popular topics are those that are important to Singapore, such as saving water, fake news, inclusive society, and 个人代步工具 PMD (personal mobility device). ## Chinese/ Higher Chinese Oral O Level Tips (O水准高级华文口试提示） Firstly, one common problem for some students is talking too little. Clearly, the content marks is proportional to the amount of relevant content the student says. Hence, ideally, the student should keep talking until the time is up or the teacher says stop. If only a few words are spoken, the content marks cannot be high. This is the same concept as in Chinese composition, basically if the student only writes one page, his/her composition marks will be low. Secondly, another problem is peppering of the speech with English words like “then”, “but”, or acronyms like MOE. Even names like “Joseph Schooling” should ideally be translated into Chinese (约瑟林). A few of these English words are not fatal, but too many English words would indicate a lack of mastery of Chinese vocabulary. Hence, students are advised to memorize a key list of Chinese terms that have high chance of appearing in Chinese O level exams. ### List of Ministries in Singapore (Chinese) • 新加坡国防部（Ministry of Defence (MINDEF)） • 新加坡环境及水源部（Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR)) • 新加坡教育部（Ministry of Education (MOE)) • 新加坡律政部（Ministry of Law (MINLAW)) • 新加坡贸易和工业部（Ministry of Trade and Industry ( MTI)) • 新加坡人力部（Ministry of Manpower (MOM)) • 新加坡社会及家庭发展部（Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSFD)） • 新加坡通讯及新闻部（Ministry of Communications and Information (MCI)） • 新加坡卫生部（Ministry of Health (MOH)) • 新加坡总理公署（Prime Minister’s Office) • 建屋发展局（Housing and Development Board、简称：HDB) • 国家传染病中心（National Centre for Infectious Diseases，简称NCID) • 新加坡文化、社区及青年部（Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth (MCCY)) Lastly, one tip would be to memorize a list of “powerful Chinese idioms and proverbs” （口试好词好句）, for instance sayings of Confucius or Tang poetry. If any one of them are used appropriately, it is an instant boost to your vocabulary score and place you in the top 5% of the student cohort. Imagine if a student uses the phrase below correctly, the examiner will be impressed beyond words: 天将降大任于斯人也，必先苦其心志，劳其筋骨，饿其体肤，空乏其身，行拂乱其所为，所以动心忍性，增益其所不能. In English, Mencius is saying that, “whenever heaven invests a person with great responsibilities, it first exercises his mind with suffering, and his muscles and bones with toil. It exposes his body to hunger, and subjects him to extreme poverty. In this way his patience and endurance are developed and his weakness is overcome.” A list of 500 proverbs (including many by Confucius) can be found in the book below, in Chinese, Hanyu Pinyin and English translation. The author, Qin Xue Herzberg, is a native speaker of Chinese and a graduate of Beijing Normal University in Chinese Language and Literature. ## O level Chinese Oral Marking Scheme, Grading and Format （口试评分标准） The official information on the O Level Chinese Oral Marking Scheme and Format is found on the SEAB website: 试卷三：口试 10 -15 分钟 50 分/25% 这份试卷包括朗读短文和会话。在考试前，考生有 10 分钟的时间默 读短文和观看录像短片。考生在限定的时间内，可以多次默读短文和 观看录像短片。 第一部分 (Reading)：朗读短文 考生必须朗读一个短文。 第二部分 (Conversation)：会话 考生针对所提供的录像短片，以及主考员的提问，跟主考员进行一段 对话。 Basically, the Reading portion is 10 marks (5%), while the Conversation portion is 40 marks (20%). Within the Conversation portion, the official marking scheme does not mention how the marks is broken down, but traditionally it is common that 20 marks (10%) is for Content while another 20 marks (10%) is for Vocabulary/Proper usage of Chinese Language. Alternatively, the 20% could be allocated evenly among the 3 or 4 questions asked (but note the Vocabulary is still important as it contributes to Impression Marks 印象分 that is subconsciously applied by the examiner). ## How to Improve Chinese Oral O Level As mentioned above, the key aspects to improve Chinese Oral (O Level) are in the aspects of Content and Vocabulary. For Content, students are advised to watch more Chinese television, especially news broadcasts on current affairs. Also, students can read more Chinese newspapers to improve their general knowledge. For example, Dengue Fever is a common O Level Chinese Oral topic, at minimum students should know that Dengue is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes (some students thought that it is transmitted by houseflies). ## 口试好词好句 For Vocabulary, students should aim and target for speaking in Chinese 100% without usage of English words. To achieve that, a list of common Chinese terminologies should be memorized, especially words that are unique to Singapore (see the list of Singapore ministries listed above). To achieve the highest distinction, students should in addition memorize a list of “powerful” Chinese idioms and proverbs to further improve their vocabulary score. This book below has over 500 powerful Chinese proverbs in Chinese, Hanyu Pinyin, as well as English translation, including proverbs by Confucius. Proper usage of such proverbs have a high chance of impressing the examiner in Chinese Oral and even Chinese composition. Do read more on O Level Chinese Oral Tips at: ## H2 Math Tuition 2020 H2 Math can prove to be quite challenging for many students. Historically, the distinction rate is 50%, meaning that half of the student population will get an ‘A’ grade. However, note that those 50% can be heavily represented by the top schools RI, HCI, NJC where almost all students get ‘A’. At the end of the day, the ‘A’ level students are facing heavy competition from the IP cohort (who were absent from the O levels). Tough topics in ‘A’ level H2 Math: Case study: I tutored a student (from China) studying in NJC for H2 Math. Although she was quite a strong student with good Math foundation (definitely above average), nevertheless the NJC H2 Math paper was set so tough that she only scored 50+ out of 100 in the prelims. Many students in her NJC class outright failed for the prelims (below 50 marks). There were some weaknesses in her H2 Math skills, for example certain topics like Integration and P&C, and also carelessness issues. After several months of tutoring, noticeable improvements were observed. In the end for the actual ‘A’ levels, she managed to score A grade for H2 Math. Read more on student testimonials here: Testimonials For H2 Math tuition, contact our experienced tutor Mr Wu at: Email: mathtuition88@gmail.com Phone: ## Rasbora88 Pet Supplies Store Do check out this online pet supplies store Rasbora88, currently with fish aquarium supplies in stock! Currently there is a Free Shipping promotion to all international locations. Recommended product: Sponge filter with suction cup The benefit of this kind of sponge filter: • Creates horizontal water movement for better water circulation (avoid dead spots). • Attaches to glass via suction cup, so it takes up less valuable ground space which can be used to grow plants. • Shrimp and fry safe, it is impossible for shrimp or fry to get sucked into the filter. An example of this type of sponge filter: ## IP Math Tuition (Integrated Programme) IP, or Integrated Programme, is well known to test more advanced mathematics than ‘O’ level. For example: • For partial fractions, IP schools like to test improper fractions. Most of the time, ‘O’ level schools test the easier version of proper fractions. • IP schools like to test half-angle formula in trigonometry. This will absolutely stun students who have not encountered or learnt it before, since teachers rarely teach it in school. • IP schools like to test “area to the left of the curve“, or the dy version of the usual “area under the curve”. Again, this is something that is quite tricky and not usually tested in ‘O’ levels. Even though IP students do not have ‘O’ levels, they still have to maintain a grade of around 60% (depending on school) in order to promote successfully and avoid the scenario of being transferred to the ‘O’ level track. One problem in IP schools is that the teachers like to teach a very strange and impractical version of the syllabus. For example, they often teach stuff that are not tested, whilst things that are tested are often not taught. This leads to weaker students being totally lost in class. Also, there are many fancy extracurricular programs in IP schools that further distract the student from the actual important tests. Hence, many students (even those who score above 250 in PSLE) cannot cope well with the IP syllabus, due to the above factors. For IP Math Tuition (Upper secondary), contact our tutor Mr Wu at: Email: mathtuition88@gmail.com Phone: ## Online Math Tuition Singapore We provide online Math Tuition using Zoom, Skype or Google Hangouts for the following subjects: • E Maths (Sec 3 & Sec 4) • A Maths (Sec 3 & Sec 4) • H2 Maths • H3 Maths • University Maths (selected modules) • Olympiad Math Do contact our tutor Mr Wu at: Email: mathtuition88@gmail.com Phone (WhatsApp/SMS preferred): Face-to-face home tuition is also available at West region of Singapore (near Jurong East/ Clementi/ Bukit Batok). ## How much to feed betta? “How much to feed betta” or “how much to feed a betta fish” is a question that has puzzled me for a long time. I did not find any definitive answer online. I believe the rule “feed the size of the fish’s eyeball” leads to underfeeding, based on my experience. Also, it does not quite make sense to me that “a fish’s stomach is the size of its eyeball”, which is another commonly quoted guideline. Hence, I create my own modified rule: #1) Feed twice the size of the fish’s eyeball (eyeball includes the entire “sphere”, not just the exposed part). #2) Adjust accordingly based on the size of the fish’s stomach. A healthy betta should have a round belly (especially after feeding) and a streamlined look at the same time. This is a bit subjective and requires experience of looking at hundreds of betta photos online to get a sense of what is a normal betta shape. Following the above rule, I am currently feeding 3 to 4 pellets of Hikari Betta Bio-gold daily. That is a Hikari fish food specially formulated for bettas. Betta are carnivorous and require more protein. How much do you feed your betta? Do you think I am underfeeding or overfeeding? Please comment below! ## Betta Tank 2 Gallon (female betta) New fish! A female betta from the store. I put it in my 2 gallon planted tank, with Java Ferns and Anubias. I chose female betta as I wanted a short fin betta, and there were no “Plakat” male bettas available. The colors of a female betta are more pale and muted compared to male bettas. The name of the female betta: Charlotte. In the store, there was a pair of wild bettas (Betta Mahachai) which were very beautiful. However, they were quite expensive so I did not buy them in the end. ## Free Seed Pack (Edible Vegetables) Do check out this website https://www.nparks.gov.sg/gardening/gardening-with-edibles to sign up for a free seed pack (for Singapore addresses only). Quite interesting to see what vegetables are included in the seed pack. Hopefully it is a small plant that can be grown in a small pot. ## Seed Pack Registration (Source from NParks) You can sign up to receive 2 species of vegetables and begin your gardening journey with us. We hope that the seeds will spark your interest in gardening. As the seeds grow and you see the fruits of your labour, we also hope that you will share the harvest and your interest in gardening with neighbours and friends. Do share your stories with us on social media with the hashtag #GrowingwithEdiblesSG! Join us in this journey of Growing our City in Nature! Click here to register for your seed pack today, while stocks last. Registration will open 18 June, 12.00pm (Thursday) and will close on 30 June, 11.59pm (Tuesday). ## 4-day work week among ideas to improve work-life balance (Singapore) Sounds like a good idea, to improve work-life balance and potentially solve several other problems like low birth rate (which will alleviate the problem of aging society). Many people have the illusion that industrialization and technology have improved the work-life balance of ordinary workers, however the reality is quite the opposite. Before industrialization, workers worked less hours and had more leisure time. Before capitalism, most people did not work very long hours at all. The tempo of life was slow, even leisurely; the pace of work relaxed. Our ancestors may not have been rich, but they had an abundance of leisure. When capitalism raised their incomes, it also took away their time. Source: http://groups.csail.mit.edu/mac/users/rauch/worktime/hours_workweek.html The worst period seems to be right in the middle of the industrial revolution, the mid 1800s. Workers worked up to 70 hour work weeks (with low pay). Most of the profit went to the rich capitalists. One of capitalism’s most durable myths is that it has reduced human toil. http://groups.csail.mit.edu/mac/users/rauch/worktime/hours_workweek.html Jack Ma once said: People could work as little as three days a week, four hours a day with the help of technology. Jack Ma (Economic Times) Will this age ever come? Note that Jack Ma in another speech endorsed China’s 996 culture, which is to work from 9am to 9pm six days a week (CNN). Philosophically, it seems that no technology will be able to eliminate work? It is the so called “Adam’s curse”: He told the man, “Because you have listened to what your wife said, and have eaten from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ cursed is the ground because of you. You’ll eat from it through pain-filled labor for the rest of your life. International Standard Version ## Ghibli Ojisan Wikipedia ## Ghib Ojisan Wikipedia Ghibli Ojisan, also known as Ghib Ojisan is a Japanese YouTuber currently living in Singapore. His name, Ghibli, is a reference to Studio Ghibli which is a Japanese animated film studio producing excellent animated movies. “Ojisan” means uncle or a older male in his 40s or 50s in the Japanese language. Hence, Ghib Ojisan means “Uncle Ghibli”. Some of the most popular videos of Ghib Ojisan include his “finger style” guitar busking in various cities around the world. Many of his guitar music feature music from Studio Ghibli films, for example Totoro or Spirited Away. Ghib Ojisan is born in Osaka Japan, raised in the United States (which explains his excellent English), and now based in Singapore. Ghib Ojisan also goes by the name of Mr Ken. ## Ghib Ojisan Occupation As far as we know, Ghib Ojisan is a full time YouTuber, though he did mention in his videos that he has worked before in corporate firms in Japan as well as in Singapore. According to his Social Blade profile, he has 157k subscribers and can make an estimated$577 – $9.2K per month. Ghib Ojisan is also known for making a video on the Japanese Occupation in Singapore. His coverage was unbiased and was generally well received by both Singaporeans and Japanese, according to this article on Mothership. He has covered the facts mostly correctly regarding the event, and he feels “terrible” that so many innocent lives were lost. ## Ghib Ojisan Singlish Ghib Ojisan’s signature Singlish opening phrase is “Huat ah! Jippun Lang Lai Liao!”. He has immersed himself very well into Singaporean society, for example he appreciates and likes the taste of durian (most Japanese don’t). He also knows many other Singlish phrases like “paiseh”. Personally, I find his videos quite entertaining and educational. Do check out his YouTube videos! For example, he interviews his landlord who lived in a kampong to learn more about the kampong life in Singapore during the 1960s. ## Imitation of Christ by Thomas à Kempis This is one of my favorite Christian books. The Imitation of Christ is a Christian devotional book by Thomas à Kempis, first composed in Latin (as De Imitatione Christi) ca. 1418–1427. (Wikipedia) Despite being written centuries ago, many of the words still apply perfectly. Human nature hasn’t changed over thousands of years. I find the book particularly suitable for those facing troubles, depression, or problems in life. Some Quotes: • “When a man desires a thing too much, he at once becomes ill at ease. A proud and avaricious man never rests, whereas he who is poor and humble of heart lives in a world of peace.” • “Go where you may, you will find no rest except in humble obedience to the rule of authority. Dreams of happiness expected from change and different places have deceived many.” • “So long as we live in this world we cannot escape suffering and temptation.” • “If man had but a spark of true charity he would surely sense that all the things of earth are full of vanity!” • “Be not troubled about those who are with you or against you, but take care that God be with you in everything you do. Keep your conscience clear and God will protect you, for the malice of man cannot harm one whom God wishes to help.” ### Summary For five hundred years, this gentle book, filled with the spirit of the love of God, has brought understanding and comfort to millions of readers in over fifty languages, and provided them with a source of heart-felt personal prayer. These meditations on the life and teachings of Jesus, written in times even more troubled and dangerous than our own, have become second only to the Bible as a guide and inspiration. It is now available in a modern translation that retains the flavor of the original English translation. ## Free Download of Imitation of Christ Book There is a free download of the book here: https://www.ccel.org/ccel/kempis/imitation.html There is also a Chinese translation available for free, in HTML format. I did check briefly that the translation seems fine. For a printed leather bound version, check out the book on Amazon below. ## Musang King (King of Kings) Durian 王中王榴莲 Premium Musang King (King of Kings) Durian unboxing video, as well as feeding some to Charlie the toy poodle dog! The durian is “King of Kings” durian (王中王榴莲, Wang Zhong Wang), which is actually more expensive than the usual Musang King (猫山王榴莲 Mao Shan Wang). I read somewhere that it is the original Old Tree version of Musang King, other sources simply say it is a higher grade (AAA grade) of Mao Shan Wang. The major durian season is between June and September. There is a minor durian season during December to February. Just feeding Charlie a little bit of durian, too much durian seems to be not good for dogs (due to it being too sweet). A little bit of durian is not harmful or poisonous to dogs though, dogs can eat it. Just be careful not to let the dog swallow the seed. Charlie once accidentally swallowed a small durian seed, fortunately he vomited it out. Review: The taste is very creamy, thick, rich, and bittersweet. It is more sweet than bitter. I would rate it 4.5/5. The worst durians in my opinion are those that are either too watery or too dry and rubbery. This King of Kings durian is neither! Bought at: The Durian Tree (https://www.facebook.com/theduriantree/) I compile some sources on the Wang Zhong Wang (King of Kings) Durian: • DrChansKitchen (The stallholder recommended me 王中王 which he claimed to be the best of 猫山王.) • TimeOut (Looking for something even better than MSW? Then you have to try Wang Zhong Wang, which literally translates to the king of kings. The triple-A grade MSW durians are set apart from the pack for its well-balanced bitterness and velvety smooth) • AvenueOne (While Mao Shan Wang is arguably the most well-loved in Singapore, there is actually a type that is arguably even better – Wang Zhong Wang (translates literally to ‘King of Kings’). The smooth texture and fine balance of bitter flavours are definitely worth the higher price tag.) ## Relaxing Rasbora Schooling Fish Video Just some relaxing video of Rasbora fish (Phoenix rasbora) schooling together in a group of 8. Some rare footage of my Boraras Merah (close relative of Chili Rasbora) schooling in a tight formation. They don’t do this very often. Most of the time they school loosely, or even do their separate stuff. In the middle of my filming, Charlie the poodle is curious and watches as well! Some Trivia: 7 of the Rasbora were bought in the same store, but 1 of them was from another batch. It took a few months for the 1 sole rasbora to familiarize and join the 7 other rasbora as a team. Quite interesting! ## Homeschool Math Challenging Puzzles The questions listed are also very suitable as PSLE Challenging Math Problem Sums. Basically, for Grade 2-4, they are very challenging. For Grade 6 (Primary 6, 12 year old students), they are challenging math questions. Do give it a try and see if your child can solve it! ## Homeschool Math Challenging Questions Mathtuition88 will be starting a series of Homeschool Math Challenging Problems, aimed at age 8 to 10 (Grade 2 to 4). This series is targeted at kids age 8 to 10 who are strong / gifted at mathematics and wish to further stretch their potential. It is also useful for children who may not be strong in math at the moment, but have a keen interest in math nonetheless. In particular, it is very suitable for the following purposes: • Homeschooling for gifted kids • Preparation for GEP (Gifted Education Programme) screening and selection tests • Preparation for Math Olympiad • Puzzles for kids interested in math but find school work too easy. • PSLE challenging Math problem sums. The questions are also well within the PSLE Math Syllabus, and will be challenging to Primary 6 students as well. This series of questions will follow the Singapore Math syllabus for Grade… View original post 66 more words ## Miu Miu Guitar Girl Wikipedia ## Miu Miu Guitar Girl Wiki Miu Miu Guitar Girl is a young six year old girl who is expert at playing the guitar. Her YouTube channel has amassed a huge following (174k subscribers) within a very short time. Currently, there is no Wikipedia page on Miu Miu Guitar Girl. However, there is quite a lot of information on her (in Chinese) online. We summarize as much on Miu Miu Guitar Girl in this short Wiki page as possible. Real name: Zhou Zhaoyan 周昭妍 Stage name: Miu Miu Guitar Girl Nationality: China, Nanjing Age: 6 years old (2020) 6 and a half years old in April 2020 to be more precise. Most famous video: Fly me to the moon (This is also my personal favorite)! 5.2 million views Special traits: She has an elf ear (pointy right ear). Instruments she plays: Guitar (Acoustic, Classical and Electric), Ukulele, Piano, Drums, Bass, Vocals Miu miu has passed the highest grade certification for acoustic guitar in China (Grade 10 Guitar). She has learnt guitar since the age of 3, and since then has racked up over 2000 hours in practice time! She can practice 5 or 6 hours (maximum up to 7 hours) in a single day, especially during the lockdown period where she stays at home. Even for her secondary instrument, the piano, Miu Miu has obtained a grade 4 certification. Ambition: Miu miu aims to be a doctor in the future. Miu Miu Guitar Girl Parents: Her father, Mr Zhou, is a guitar teacher. “Practicing guitar is hard, but it’s easier than doing homework.” – Miumiu Trivia: Miu miu calls her fans “icy candy”, “icy cookie”, “frozen lollipop” or “frozen strawberry”. She likes the movie “Frozen”, as well as eat the above types of food! Sources: ## Grab food vs Foodpanda Singapore Do vote above whether you prefer GrabFood, Foodpanda, or Deliveroo (or others)! Personally, I prefer Foodpanda for this one single reason: • You can order ahead of time (e.g. when the store is not opened yet, or order the lunch menu when it is still breakfast hours). GrabFood seems to have this limitation that you can only order when the store is open. For example, if a restaurant opens at 11am, you can only start ordering at 11am. Also, during breakfast hours, you can only order the breakfast menu. I have not tried Deliveroo yet. Do comment below if you find it better, or worse, than GrabFood and Foodpanda. ## Grab food vs Foodpanda Price Pricing wise, the price seems similar between GrabFood and Foodpanda. By the way, it is certainly not the case that GrabFood, Foodpanda only earns the delivery fee! It is well known that the prices are often “marked up” and the delivery companies will earn the difference in price as well. For example, if a plate of chicken rice costs$3 in the hawker center, in the app it can be listed as $5. Read more in this Mothership article. Nevertheless, the amount of “mark up” seems similar or even exactly the same between GrabFood and Foodpanda, according to my experience. Grab charges a 30% service fee to the merchants (the food sellers). This is charged on every order received through Grab, for both Delivery and Self Pick-Up orders. (Please note that this service fee is subject to prevailing GST rates.) Hence, it is logical that most merchants (hawkers, restaurants) will pass on the cost to the customer, marking up the price by 30%. ## Expenses incurred from working at home qualify for tax deductions (Singapore) Source: Business Times Firstly, note that Business Times is part of SPH (Singapore Press Holdings) and hence is a rather reliable source. This is quite a good news for large families or large households. For small households, the total expenses saved may be quite negligible (maybe just$10 per month). Another thing is that the calculation seems quite difficult and hard to justify (for example whether increased air con usage due to work from home is justified as electricity expenses).

Another scenario where it is useful is maybe those telemarketers who use their own phone to call at home.

Currently, this source from Business Times seems to be the sole source of information. Probably when more official sources appear, there will be more information on how to calculate and provide justifications for the tax expenses savings. Some worked examples would also help, for people to gauge what is the typical amount they can claim.

WORKERS working from home can claim deduction against employment income for charges such as electricity and telecommunication expenses not reimbursed by employers.

An Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore (Iras) spokesperson told The Business Times: “Tax deduction against employment income is allowable for expenses incurred wholly and exclusively in the production of employment income. ”

To qualify for deduction, the expenses must be incurred while carrying out official duties, not reimbursed by the employer, and not capital or private in nature.

These expenses include the additional power and telecommunication bills incurred when employees are required to work from home. This is not limited to the “circuit breaker” period, the taxman said.

## Homeschool Maths Puzzles with Answers: The “Average” Question

The average of 5 numbers is 73. When 2 numbers were removed, the average decreased by 3. What is the average of the 2 numbers that were removed?

This is part of a series on Homeschool Math Challenging Puzzles, suitable for Grades 2-4. (Of course, students of other grades are also welcome to try them out.) The questions are suitable for:

• Preparation for GEP (Gifted Education Programme) screening and selection tests
• Puzzles for kids interested in math but find school work too easy.

This is literally an “average” question. 😛 The word “average” appears 3 times.

The trick is to focus on the total instead.

The total of the 5 numbers is: 73×5=365.

After removing 2 numbers, the average is 73-3=70.

Hence, the total of the 3 remaining numbers is: 70×3=210.

We can then conclude that, the total of the 2 removed numbers is:

365-210=155.

Hence, the average of the 2 removed numbers is: 155/2=77.5 or 75 1/2.

There is this relatively new product called “Adaptil” Calm Collar for dogs. Apparently, it is supposed to contain pheromones mimicking those from a mother dog to calm the puppy. The scientific name for the active ingredient is DAP or Dog Appeasing Pheromone.

Reviews on Amazon are quite mixed, there are as many 5 star reviews as 1 star reviews. I think this shows that dogs are complex creatures, it is unlikely that one product works universally for all dogs. Similarly, for humans, there is no single medicine that can “calm” a person down.

If you have any experience with Adaptil with your pet dog, for example how long it takes to show results, please comment below!

You may check out the Amazon reviews below:

## Hardest Questions in Additional Mathematics (A Math)

Additional Mathematics questions can range from standard all the way to super challenging among the secondary schools in Singapore.

Certain schools (such as IP schools), and also some schools such as Anderson, Chung Cheng High School, are well known for setting hard A Math papers.

Note that even though top schools set hard A Math papers, it is not often the case that top schools teach or prepare well their students for the tests! Often, the teachers in school teach at a basic level (due to time constraints or other factors), but still test at an advanced level. Hence, many students in top IP schools are not well prepared for their school’s tests (unless they have excellent self study skills or have a parent or tutor to guide them). It is not uncommon for a student in a top IP school to be failing his/her math tests due to the above phenomena (difficult tests which do not match what is taught in school).

Some of the more difficult types of questions in the A Math syllabus are listed below.

## Algebra

1. Conditions for ax^2 + bx + c to be always positive (or always negative).
This type of question has potential to be very tricky. Somehow, many students will assume wrongly that b^2-4ac is always positive as well (where it should be the opposite).
2. Partial Fractions with Improper Fractions.
Only top schools tend to test improper partial fractions. Many students will miss out long division or make mistakes along the way.
3. Binomial Theorem.
Many students have serious problems with this topic. Also, not many seem to know that ${n\choose 2}=\frac{n(n-1)}{2}$.

## Trigonometry

• Sketching of Tangent graphs.
90% of all sketching questions are on Sine or Cosine. Only top schools will set tangent sketching questions, and many students will be caught unaware.
• Half-angle formula sin(x/2) or Quadruple angle formula sin(4x)
Top schools like to test half-angle formula, many students who have not seen such questions will be stuck.

## Integration

• Finding area to the left of the curve, i.e. $\int x\,dy$.
Most schools kind of brush off this type of questions during teaching. But it is a hot topic for testing among top schools. Hence, students will have a hard time solving it if they lack practice for this type of questions.

## sin(180-x)

I realize that many students from top IP schools don’t know these formula. In fact many students have not even seen or heard of these formula in school! (Not entirely their fault since the teachers don’t teach/emphasize it.)

Nevertheless, they are often tested in the harder A Math Trigonometry questions, it is a must to know if you are aiming for A1.

• Negative Angles Formula
• Supplementary Angles Formula
• Complementary Angles Formula

Click on the link “View Original Post” below to see the original post with the formulae.

# Trigonometry Identities

### Negative angles:

• $latex sin (-x)=-sin x$
• $latex boxed{cos (-x)=cos x}$        (Still Positive!)
• $latex tan (-x)=-tan x$

Reason: $latex -x$ is in the “C” quadrant so Cosine is still positive.

### Supplementary angles:

• $latex boxed{sin (180^circ -x)=sin x}$        (Still positive!)
• $latex cos (180^circ -x)=-cos x$
• $latex tan (180^circ -x)=-tan x$

Reason: $latex 180^circ -x$ is in the “S” quadrant so Sine is still positive.

### Complementary angles:

• $latex sin (90^circ -x)=cos x$
• $latex cos (90^circ -x)=sin x$
• $latex tan (90^circ -x)=cot x$

Reason:

• $latex sin (90^circ -x)=cos x=a/c$
• $latex cos (90^circ -x)=sin x=b/c$
• $latex tan (90^circ -x)=cot x=a/b$

View original post

## How much to retire in Singapore? (Reliable Sources Only)

A popular question (which is also related to financial Math), is how much money does it take for a person to retire in Singapore? We will collate reliable sources and their calculations in this blog post. By reliable, we mean that we will only select sources posted by major banks (POSB, OCBC, etc.), as well as those posted on major Singapore news outlets (Straits Times, Today, Channel News Asia etc.). Major insurance companies (AIA, Prudential) etc, can also be considered. Lastly, we also consider famous blogs like Mothership, Seedly, MoneySmart.

We will also post the relevant “metrics”, which include Retirement Age, Retirement Monthly Income, Years to Retirement.

Note that the Straits Times has estimated that a recommended Retirement Monthly Income is $1379, or around$1400. This covers mostly necessary items only, with just a few small “luxuries” like “occasional inexpensive meals out with family or friends, homes that are safe and comfortable, and an annual holiday to a nearby destination”. Note that air-conditioning and owning a car is excluded from the budget.

(Note that this list is not finalized, we will continue to add new sources here when we encounter one.)

## 1) OCBC: S$1.3 million OCBC has a very interesting “fishing video” featuring a talking fish. In it, it is calculated that “to retire in 20 years and live on S$3,000 monthly, you need S$1.3 million”. Retirement Age: 62 Retirement Monthly Income:$3000

Years to Retirement: 20

## 2) Mothership: S$720,000 This plan is worked out by Daniel, 29, and featured on Mothership. His retirement plan is to spend “30 years on a piece of farmland bought overseas, where he will build a ranch, and live off the earth surrounded by free-roaming livestock”. Retirement Age: 50 Retirement Monthly Income:$2000

Years to Retirement: 21

The $720,000 can be broken down into S$360,000 cash and S$264,000 in his CPF Retirement Account at age 55 years old. Note that the above doesn’t quite add up to$720,000. That is because the CPF amount is for ensuring that he will “receive a steady stream of monthly payouts of around S$2,110 from age 65 for as long as he lives”. ## 3) Mothership: S$360,000

This is another plan from Mothership, by Melanie, age 25, female.

Retirement Age: 70

Retirement Monthly Income: $3000 Years to Retirement: 45 Again, the magic number seems to be “S$264,000 in her CPF Retirement Account at age 55”. Melanie can then defer her monthly payouts to 70. She will then receive around $2,600 per month for as long as she lives. ## 4) Seedly:$228,960 to $473,760 The Seedly blog calculates that one would need$228,960 to $473,760, depending on the age of retirement. It is summarized in the table below. The above is based on: Retirement Monthly Income:$1,200

This is on the low side considering the Straits Times article that recommends \$1379 for monthly retirement income. Nevertheless, the amount of total retirement savings required seems quite low compared to OCBC and Mothership.

## Stanley Ho’s son Mario is a Math Genius

Recently, a well known news is that Macau casino tycoon Stanley Ho dies at 98. Everyone knows that Mr Stanley Ho is rich (net worth of at least 2.5 billion USD). He is also a philanthropist, well known for purchasing and donating two precious Qing Dynasty relics (worth millions) to China’s museums. These two relics were previously looted by French and British armies from the imperial Summer Palace in Beijing in around 1860. Hence, his donation is very important and symbolic indeed. Rest in peace, Mr Stanley Ho.

Stanley Ho was descended from great-grandfather Charles Henry Maurice Bosman (1839–1892), who was of Dutch Jewish ancestry, and his Chinese mistress Sze Tai (施娣) a local woman of Bao’an (present-day Shenzhen and Hong Kong). His grandfather was Ho Fook (何福), brother of the great merchant Sir Robert Hotung. (Wikipedia)

## Mario Ho, son of Stanley Ho & Math Genius

What is less known is that Mario Ho, one of Stanley Ho’s 17 children, is a Math Genius as well.

Here are some of his accomplishments (from his official LinkedIn page):

• Graduated from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and was the youngest graduate of the school’s history in finance.
• In 2008-2013, he won the Hong Kong Championship of the World Mathematics Open twice.
• Won five gold medals in the National Mathematics Competition in UK.

British National Mathematics Open 英國全國數學公開賽
Gold Medal 金牌

British National Mathematics Open 英國全國數學公開賽
Gold Medal 金牌

British National Mathematics Open 英國全國數學公開賽
Gold Medal 金牌

British National Mathematics Open 英國全國數學公開賽
Gold Medal 金牌

World Mathematics Open, Hong Kong 世界數學公開賽香港
Ranked first 排名第一

British National Mathematics Open 英國全國數學公開賽
Gold Medal 金牌

World Mathematics Open, Hong Kong 世界數學公開賽香港
Ranked first 排名第一

He can also speak 5 languages at native proficiency: English, Chinese, Cantonese, French, Korean.

Mario Ho (何猷君) also participated in the Super Brain contest (最强大脑), where he came in first in the “Sam Loyd 15 puzzle” section among hundreds of other geniuses from top universities in China.

## Other Math Accomplishments

This is taken from the Baike Baidu website.

2011年3月，获得全英国数学 Olympiad test 中以 109/120 胜出，代表学校参加更厉害的 Mclaurens 数学比赛。

In March 2011, he scored 109/120 in the British Mathematics Olympiad test, representing the school in the more challenging Mclaurens mathematics competition.

“赌王”何鸿燊梁安琪的儿子何猷君是数学精英 ，这位小六学生连续两年在“世界数学测试”邀请赛中获奖。10日何鸿燊夫妇任颁奖嘉宾，亲自将奖状颁给自己的儿子。何鸿燊难掩心头喜悦，在台上致词时说，他和获奖百多位小朋友的家长一样，为子女的成绩感到骄傲。

“Gambling King” Stanley Ho Hung-sun and his son Mario Ho (He Youjun) are both excellent at mathematics. The sixth grader won the “World Mathematics Test” Invitational for two consecutive years. On the prize presentation ceremony, Stanley Ho and his wife served as awarding guests and personally presented the certificate to their son. Stanley Ho couldn’t hide his joy. When he spoke on stage, he said that he was as proud of his children’s achievements as the parents of more than one hundred children who won the prize.

## Is CCA important in JC?

CCA enhances the overall portfolio of the student, but at the end of the day, the foundation of the portfolio is still ‘A’ levels.

Especially for local uni admission, CCA is not really taken into consideration.

For top tier scholarships / top local courses, it would require good ‘A’ level results + good CCA though.

Question from JC1 student on Kiasuparents: “but the school focuses a lot on other areas of development like CCA and etc so i want to know that is it really that important cos i don’t feel like taking part in all these activities anyone got experience in these areas??”:

I would think for majority of students, it would be better to prioritize to get:
Good ‘A’ level results & Mediocre CCA
rather than Mediocre ‘A’ level results & Good CCA.

Of course, if one is all-rounded, one can aim for the ideal goal of:
Good ‘A’ level results & Good CCA.
(To be realistic, not everyone can achieve that…)

The only exception is if one’s CCA results is so excellent (e.g. win top award at national or international level), it can potentially lead to special case arrangements for university admission even with poor ‘A’ level results. Note that this is probably a 0.1% case scenario for top CCA performers, a typical “President of CCA group” position may not suffice, let alone an ordinary member of the CCA.

CCA training hours can vary widely among different CCAs. I have seen students with CCA that can last up to 9pm or later on weekdays. This can be extremely tiring considering that school starts at 7am next day. Someone succinctly summarized on Kiasuparents that: “In conclusion, the minimal you need to do is to choose a CCA with only one session per week and make yourself physically present on that day.

## Free Exam Papers (Physics)

Do check out our main page on Free Exam Papers as well!

## ‘O’ Level / Prelim Physics Exam Papers

1. Maths Physics Hub
Quite a large collection of recent (2017) Physics Exam Papers, ranging from top schools (ACS, Nan Chiau, etc.) as well as neighborhood schools (Fuhua, Zhonghua, Xinmin, etc.).
2. Test Papers Free
A large collection of Pure Physics as well as Combined Science (Physics) exam papers. No login is required, however the interface is a bit messy. But you should be able to find quite a few Physics Test Papers.
3. https://testpapers.com.sg/

## ‘A’ Level / Prelim Physics Exam Papers

1. http://tinyurl.com/holygrailrepo2
This weirdly titled Google Drive (“Electric Boogaloo”) contains a mega-database of JC Prelim papers for Physics. Exam papers ranges from H1 to H3, and from the years 2008 to 2019.

Note: The Free Physics Test Papers listed above are hosted on external sites independently. Sometimes, the site may be down or the link may be broken.

## Poll Results: How many marks to get ‘A’ for H2 Math

Almost 100 people have voted on the poll on “How many marks to get ‘A’ for H2 Math“.

The results show that the majority (57.6%) of voters think it takes at least 75 marks to get ‘A’ for H2 Math. Notably, a significant percentage (27.17%) think that it takes 80 marks and above to get ‘A’ for H2 Math.

Students who have taken the H2 Math exam can actually estimate the cut-off point for ‘A’ grade quite well. Basically, the worked solutions are typically released by seniors/tutors, and students can estimate their own marks rather easily. Then, they can compare with their actual grade received.

Nevertheless, the above is just a poll, it may not be 100% accurate and it also depends on the difficulty of that year’s exam. An easier exam would naturally lead to a higher mark required for ‘A’ grade for H2 Maths.

## Is there bell curve for ‘A’ levels?

This is a tricky question. The technically correct answer is that there is no bell curve, but there is a similar thing called “grade boundaries”. It is like certain schools saying that they have no Midyear Exam, but there is a “Block Test”. Read more about whether there is bell curve for ‘O’ and ‘A’ levels.

## WordPress New Editor Review

WordPress has released a new editor called “Gutenberg”. While WordPress should definitely be applauded for its new innovation, personally I find it more convenient to just use the Classic editor instead. Perhaps it is just a matter of habit. Basically, I find the learning curve not justified for basic blog posts. I would need to see a truly impressive application of the “blocks” in order to switch over to the new editor.

## WordPress New Editor Disable

If you search on Google, one of the most popular search terms is actually “wordpress new editor disable”! This shows that many people are actually trying to disable the new WordPress editor completely! Personally, what I do is I first create a new post (by default it is the new editor), save post, and then edit it using the Classic Editor.

Do vote in the poll above and it would be interesting to see the results!

## Aquatic Avenue Review

I have been there personally once. Had a good impression as they had exotic fish not commonly found elsewhere. (For example, Gertrude Rainbowfish (Pseudomugil gertrudae), Celestial Pearl Danio, etc.) They are also specialized in shrimp and plants. It was my first time seeing the Gertrude Rainbowfish, and I was absolutely fascinated.

The guy (not sure of his name) there was clearly knowledgeable about fish (much more knowledgeable than me). Taught me a bit about how to keep Celestial Pearl Danio. The owner was friendly, and can see that he is passionate about the fish and aquarium hobby.

Also, ordered plants online from them. Their plants are of good quality, and labelled correctly. For example, my Ludwigia Super Red was bought from them. It was grown submersed (underwater), and was of good quality (had roots, leaves are bright red color).

For comparison, many other aquarium shops in Singapore don’t label their plants, as well as sell non-aquatic plants. (I as a beginner was “scammed” twice, once with Malayan Aqua Fern, and another time with Alternanthera Sessilis.) Had they been labeled, a simple Google check would suffice to know that they are non-aquatic.

Currently, they do have a free delivery promotion (no minimum purchase), so do check them out on their Facebook or online store.

Overall, I would say that they are more of a premium aquarium store, they have great quality and range of rare exotic fish and plants.

There is one negative review of them in a blog online (dated 2014), that was certainly not my experience in 2019. In 2019/2020, my review of Aquatic Avenue is definitely positive.

## Overall Review of Aquatic Avenue: Very Good!

• Exotic and rare fish
• Exotic and rare plants (properly labeled and grown)
• Quality fish and plants
• Premium high-end aquarium shop, prices are still affordable
• Friendly and knowledgeable staff

If you decide to visit them (after the virus situation stabilizes), do check out the nearby Redhill coffeeshop as well. There are many vintage hawker food there which are of good quality, and at very affordable prices.

## Easy Floating Plant: Salvinia

This plant Salvinia (to be precise Salvinia Molesta or Giant Salvinia) is a super easy floating plant. It has 3 forms: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary Forms. I started with Tertiary Form Salvinia, and now have a lot of Primary Form Salvinia, as well as a few Secondary Form Salvinia.

I find that Salvinia is an easy floating plant because:

1) It only requires medium light

2) It has 3 forms and will evolve to the form that is most suited for your tank. The Tertiary Form is usually for outdoor ponds.

3) It is ok with getting a bit wet. Many other floating plants must be completely dry or else they may rot.

4) It has short roots. Hence, there is no need to trim its roots.

5) Easy to remove if you don’t want it. Most of its leaves are linked together. Hence you can remove all the leaves in a few grabs. This is in contrast to duckweed, which is notorious for being hard to remove.

I find that the Primary Form of Giant Salvinia is quite similar to Salvinia Minima, and the Secondary Form of Giant Salvinia is quite similar to Salvinia Natans! Could they be the same species?

Tropica also sells this version of Salvinia which they call it Salvinia auriculata.

## Key Topics for IP Additional Mathematics

The following are some of the most important topics for Integrated Programme (IP) Additional Mathematics. Also applicable for the usual ‘O’ level Additional Mathematics.

Notice that Secondary 3 topics are very important as well, for the final Promo or ‘O’ levels. This can be a major problem for students who only start to study seriously in Secondary 4 — it can be a tough job to catch up with the important Secondary 3 topics.

## Secondary 3 topics

• Binomial Theorem
• Indices and Logarithms
• Coordinate Geometry of Circles
• Linear Law

## Secondary 4 topics

• Trigonometry: R formula and Graphs
• Differentiation and its Applications
• Integration and its applications (including area under the curve)

## Motivational Quote: Work can never be completed

The following are some motivational quotes by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, former president of India. The source is from Pinterest. I have also translated some of the quotes into Chinese.

I believe the quotes make perfect sense! Hope you find it motivational and useful as well.

Love your job but don’t love your company, because you may not know when your company stops loving you.

Work is a never-ending process. It can never be completed.

Interest of a client is important, so is your family.

If you fall in your life, neither your boss nor client will offer you a helping hand; your family and friends will.

Life is not only about work, office and client. There is more to life. You need time to socialize, entertain, relax and exercise. Don’t let life be meaningless.

You did not study hard and struggle in life to become a machine.

## Easy Red Low Tech Plant: Ludwigia Super Red

Ludwigia Super Red, also known as Ludwigia Palustris or Ludwigia sp. red (mini) is one of the easiest low tech (No CO2) red plants. Due to its small size, it is suitable for nano tanks (with trimming).

It is rated “easy” by Tropica. In comparison, most other red plants are rated “Medium” or “Advanced”.

I am trying out this low tech easy red plant without CO2. Future updates will be posted on this page as well.

Day 1 (May 22, 2020):

Day 2:

This is the second day of growing Ludwigia Palustris, also known as Ludwigia Super Red (sp. red mini). I think new growth has already appeared at the top of the stems! The new growth seems not so red though, maybe my light is not strong enough.

Day 4:

Currently, it is day 4 of growing it. I dose basic fertilizers like Tropica Premium, Seachem Potassium (weekly) and also Seachem Root Tabs (once every few months). I think the plant is adapting to the new environment, I did notice a bit of melting going on.

Day 8:

Still surviving on Day 8! The new leaves are quite cool, they are mixed red and green in coloration, with red mostly at the tips. I wonder if they will turn red completely eventually.

Day 13:

We continue with Day 13 of growing Ludwigia Palustris (aka Ludwigia Super Red) in low tech without CO2. Seems to be surviving! There is a bit of “fungus” problem after feeding Hikari frozen brine shrimp, hopefully it clears after the water change.

Stay tuned for future updates. If you have any experience on growing Ludwigia in low tech tanks, please comment below!

## Ludwigia sp. red vs Ludwigia mini sp. red

Xiaozhuang Wong, also known as Dennis Wong (an expert aquascaper), has demonstrated that Ludwigia sp. red is actually the same plant as Ludwigia mini super red. It is the same plant, except that it grows smaller adult forms under lean fertilization regimes. This is similar for many plants. The below image shows Ludwigia plant taken from same cutting, grown under 2 different tank nutrient regimes. (Source: Xiaozhuang Wong Facebook)

## Deviated Septum Natural Treatment and Remedies

Deviated Septum refers to the condition where the nasal septum (the bone and cartilage that divide the nasal cavity of the nose in half) is slanted or tilted to one side. The symptoms are typically nasal congestion or stuffiness in one side of the nose. Mild deviated septum is actually very common, 80% of people have it. Moderate to severe deviated septum may lead to nasal problems.

Deviated septum can be typically diagnosed through an X-ray or by nasal endoscopy. Currently, the main treatment for deviated septum is septoplasty, which is a surgical procedure. Due to the surgery involved, quite many people with deviated septum are not keen to undergo the procedure unless it is really serious.

Deviated septum is not a major illness, but the symptoms (of nose congestion) can be very annoying, and also may lead to related problems like sinus infections.

In my personal experience, the deviated septum itself is not the main cause of nose blockage. After all, air molecules are tiny, no matter how narrow is the nose passage, definitely air can pass through it. It is the associated problems of nasal turbinate swelling, and also other nose tissue (such as polyps) swelling and blocking the nose passage that causes the main problem of nasal blockage.

I have compiled a list of natural treatments and remedies that I have personally tried and found to relieve the symptoms of deviated septum. Hope it helps, and if you have other tips, you are welcome to leave a comment below.

Medical Disclaimer: This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding deviated septum or other medical conditions.

## 1) Nose Unblocking Exercises

I have previously blogged about this on Amazing method to unblock stuffy nose. This should be the first method you try since it is totally free and does not require any special equipment.

Basically, pinch your nose and sway, until you are almost out of breath, then breath in through your nose. This has scientific basis, by allowing carbon dioxide to build up and naturally clear your nose by constricting the blood vessels in your nose.

Another method is Nasal Septum Mobilization invented by Dr Alan Mandell. It is quite a novel method, so far I have only seen it on his YouTube channel and not anywhere else. I think it may work for people with Deviated Septum as a natural remedy. Basically, the way it works is by moving the septum so as to create a “motion” to unblock the nose.

## 2) Nasal Sinus Rinse or Spray

Due to deviated septum, there is a high chance that mucus / dust particles can get “stuck” on the side of the nose that is narrower. Without help, it can be stuck there for a long time and lead to sinus infections, nose blockage, or allergic reactions.

One way to loosen the mucus and wash away the dirt particles is via Sinus Rinse. This is actually a modern version of Neti Pots, which is an ancient Indian Ayurvedic treatment. The classic brand for Sinus Rinse is NeilMed, which is very convenient with pre-packed saline salts for the sinus rinse. (Rinsing with pure water is not recommended as it will be painful. Adding saline salts will make the rinse more comfortable as it has the same osmotic pressure as the human body.)

A related method to sinus rinse is sinus spray. It is a low-volume method of spraying salt water into the nose. The advantages is that it is more convenient to perform (no need to be near water source or sink). The disadvantage is that it may not be as effective as the high-volume sinus rinse in terms of dislodging particles in the nose.

## 3) Vicks Inhaler

Vicks inhaler is a menthol-based scented stick, that has the effect of creating a “cooling” effect in the nose, hence immediately creating a sensation of the nose being unblocked. It also has mild decongesting properties. I find that it does reduce the symptoms of nose block due to deviated septum.

The above 3 methods are considered non-medical in nature. Basically, safe to try as long as you follow the instructions in the labels.

## 4) Decongestants / Anti-histamines

When the nasal blockage is serious, one may try decongestants, which can typically be found in pharmacies without a doctor’s prescription. An example is pseudoephedrine, which can be found in medications like Robitussin, or Clarityn-D.

Anti-histamines can also help to reduce nasal turbinate swelling due to allergy. (Nasal turbinate swelling, also known as nasal turbinate hypertrophy, makes deviated septum worse by making the already narrow nasal passage even more congested.) Clarityn-D also contains the anti-histamine loratadine.

## Not Recommended

It is usually not recommended to use Afrin nasal sprays or similar products. It is well known that it can lead to “rebound effect”, meaning that your problem becomes worse when stopping the spray.

The above are just personal natural remedies that I have tried, and found effective in combating deviated septum symptoms. Hope it helps!

## Simple Powerpoint Templates White Background

I am a huge fan of simple, minimalistic Powerpoint templates with white background.

Why white background: Basically it is more convenient for printing (save ink), as well as it looks more elegant and professional.

However, most Powerpoint templates are too “flashy” or “colorful”.

On the other hand, the most basic template (just pure white background) is too dull and boring.

## Simple Elegant Powerpoint templates

Actually the official Microsoft website has quite a few nice templates. The problem is that less than 5% of them satisfy the criteria of being simple, elegant, and white background.

Two that I found are:

If you know other good Powerpoint templates, please share in the comments below!

## Diary of a PhD Taxi Driver: True Stories From Singapore’s Most Educated Cabdriver

I recall that this was very big news around 10 years ago. Basically, the author Dr. Cai Mingjie was a research scientist with a PhD from Stanford, specializing in Life Sciences (biochemistry and cell biology). However, he was fired/retrenched at the height of his career, for reasons that were largely unknown. He did not manage to find a job initially and became a taxi driver in November 2008, which he persisted for around six months. (He managed to find another job, though non-academic, subsequently.)

He started a blog called “A Singapore Taxi Driver’s Diary” (now deactivated), which became hugely popular. Subsequently, he published his blog as a book which is featured below.

For a free preview of his stories, one can actually click on the Amazon book preview to read a couple of the short stories. The stories are quite insightful, and motivational in a way. Taxi drivers have a unique perspective since they are able to observe all strata of society on a daily basis.

The free preview on Amazon has the following stories:

• Day One (first day of working as taxi driver)
• Broken Barrier and Two Unforgettable Customers
• Preface & Epilogue (which describes the interesting background of the author)

Overall, the author deserves deep respect for being 能屈能伸, being able to take temporary setbacks; able to bow and rise at will. After all, being a taxi driver is a honest job.

I think the above book and news represented the start of the “bursting of the bubble” of Life Sciences, at least in Singapore. (If a life science researcher with Stanford PhD has problem finding jobs, how about those with lesser qualifications?) For those who recall, life sciences was hugely popular as a major around 10-20 years ago (2000-2010). Many JC students, including many of my classmates/acquaintances would choose it as their major in University. The life sciences department was one of the largest compared to other sciences like Physics or Chemistry. It turned out that the job opportunities in Life Sciences was not that plenty, and many would end up in careers totally unrelated to Life Sciences / biology.

## iMovie “Corrupted” Frames between two video clips

iMovie is a great free movie editor for Mac. However, an annoying bug is that when two video clips are put together, there can often be “corrupted” frames, glitch, or even choppy video between the two clips.

## Simple solution to iMovie Transition Glitch

There are some complicated solutions online, such as re-importing the video clips in certain formats.

However, a simple solution that I tried and tested to work in most cases is to try trimming off a few seconds from the start of the affected video clip. Or even adding a transition effect where the problem arises may work.

To explain more precisely, suppose the problem arises in between A -> B, where A and B are video clips. Then, you can try trimming off a few seconds off the start of video clip B, or adding a transition effect between A and B. (If there is already a transition from A -> B, try removing it!)

## Another solution to iMovie Transition Bug

Another solution that I tried and works in some cases, is to export the movie via File -> Share in Best (ProRes) Quality, with Better Quality Compress.

## Other solutions to iMovie Bugs between Video transitions

If you have other solutions that you have seen or tried out, please share it in the comments below!