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Hikari Shrimp Cuisine Review

I find this Hikari Shrimp Cuisine quite good. The pellets are quite small sized so you can control exactly how much you want to feed (down to each individual pellet).

Hikari Inc AHK19404 Shrimp Cuisine 0.35 -Ounce

How to feed Hikari Shrimp Cuisine Pellet (without fish snatching it away)

This was something that perplexed me for a long time. My fish would grab any food meant for the shrimp, leaving close to nothing left for the slower moving shrimp.

The solution I found was to:

  1. Put the Hikari Shrimp Cuisine pellets in a small container with tank water.
  2. Crush the pellets (I just use my finger).
  3. Stir to “dissolve” the pellets a little. Stirring also helps the pellets to sink.
  4. Pour the water with “dissolved” pellets back into the tank.

You may switch the order of steps 1 & 2 if you like (I find it easier to crush the pellets when wet).

The main reason why this works is because:

  • Hikari Shrimp pellets are sinking (this is very important since shrimp can only eat sinking pellets that reach the floor).
  • By crushing the pellets into powder, it is virtually impossible for the fish to snatch all the shrimp’s food.
  • Some, if not most, of the powder will reach the tank floor, where the shrimp can find and eat it.

Another way to feed shrimp exclusively is the usage of a shrimp feeding tube and feeding dish.

JZMYXA Shrimp Feeding Tube and Feeding Dish, Fit for Shrimp Fish, Mini Size, High Transparent Acrylic Material

How much Hikari Shrimp Cuisine Pellets to feed

This depends on how many shrimp you have, and also your tank setup. Ideally, shrimp such as cherry shrimp or Amano shrimp can survive on algae and biofilm. Hence, if your tank is well planted, you only need to feed lightly. Personally, I only feed the shrimps once a week, at around 2 Hikari Shrimp pellets per shrimp.

If your tank is bare (no plants), you need to feed more, maybe once every day or once every two days.

Supplementing with Hikari Shrimp food is good because it contains essential minerals like copper (shrimp need small amounts of copper) and other minerals that can help shrimp molt.

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Toy Poodle Male Temperament

Just adopted a toy poodle (male). It is supposedly the 2nd most intelligent dog (after the Border Collie).

I was quite surprised that it is quite a well-behaved small dog, that seldom barks. It is currently 3 months, and only weighs around 1.5 kg.

Male vs female toy poodle temperament

Apparently, for poodles, it can often be the males that are more affectionate and loving and the females that are more dominant and challenging of authority. (Source:

Another poodle website source claims that “males tend to be more affectionate, playful, easier to house break and train, attentive and more demanding of attention. They adore their people and want to please. Most importantly if you have more than one person in your family, male dogs love everyone equally and share their affection with everyone. Female dogs tend to be a one person dog.”

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Domain Authority 31

domain authority

Mathtuition88 has reached Domain Authority 31 (Moz DA).

Thank you to all who have ever linked to!

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IMO Coach : Drill vs Think Style

Math Online Tom Circle

The USA IMO coach Prof Loh is the son of 2 Singaporean Math Prof (dad) & JC Math teacher (mom).
He uses the Chinese “drill” style + American “think” style to beat China IMO Team last few years.

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The Great American Math Teacher 《Stand & Deliver 》

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Silver Ratio, Bronze Ratio… A general “Golden Ratio”

Math Online Tom Circle

These 2 smart Singaporean students invented “Silver Ratio” , “Bronze Ratio” … equally good as the Golden Ratio.

Recap: Golden Ratio

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Without Leap Year 29/2, Winter would become Summer

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Music = Math + History

Math Online Tom Circle

To really appreciate music, you must understand this Math & history :
5 notes to 7 notes to 12 notes.
& fractions: 3/2, 3/4, 2/1 (octave)

Music = Math + History

1. Ancient China 600 BC 管仲 (5 notes 宫商角徵zhǐ羽)

2. Pythagoras 450 BC (7 notes, Chords 和弦)

3. Modern Music: 十二平均律 (明朝 1600 AD 朱载堉- > Bach 1700 AD)

Pythagoras did not believe in Irrational numbers (sqroot 2) , so only 7 integer notes.

17CE Chinese 明朝 Prince invented 12 notes music, using a giant 81-row Abacus to compute the12th root of 2 (picture below) :

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Ideal in Ring

Math Online Tom Circle

Historical Background:

Ideal (理想) was a by-product by mathematicians in the 350-year proof of the 17CE Fermat’s Last Theorem, wherein they found a violation of the existing “Fundemental Law of Arithmetic” (Unique Prime Factorization) . Since it is a Law, there must be an alternative ideal number to satisfy it, hence the birth of the “Ideal”.

Read here: the raison d’être of Ideal : What is an Ideal ?


Why Integer (Z) is called “Ring” (Dedekind coined it using the German word “Der Ring”) ? because
{1, 2, … , 11, 12 = 0} is clock number “Z/12Z” like a Ring-shaped Clock 🕜


The ancient “Chinese Remainder Theorem” (aka 韩信点兵 ) since 200 BCE is explained by 19CE Ideal Theory.

[Solve] : “The Problem of 6 Professors

Whatever inside multiplies outside, still comes back inside.

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Stickers Math Question

Abby, Brian, Charles, Dennis and Eason have 50 stickers altogether.

Abby has the most stickers — she has 12 stickers.

In second place (tied) are Brian and Charles.

In third place is Dennis.

In fourth place is Eason, with 6 stickers.

How many stickers does Dennis have?

This is part of a series on Homeschool Math Challenging Puzzles, suitable for Grades 2-4. (Of course, students of other grades are also welcome to try them out.) The questions are suitable for:

  • Homeschooling for gifted kids
  • Preparation for GEP (Gifted Education Programme) screening and selection tests
  • Preparation for Math Olympiad
  • Puzzles for kids interested in math but find school work too easy.

For this type of questions, the easiest way to do is “trial and error”, also known as “guess and check”.

Firstly, lets check how many stickers B, C, and D have together:


B C D Total (B+C+D) Comments
9 9 14 32 Wrong! Since D is more than A
10 10 12 32 Wrong! Since D is tied with A
11 11 10 32 Correct!
12 12 8 32 Wrong! Since B, C is tied with A

For guess and check, the most important thing is to be systematic, rather than guess wildly. For instance, we can systematically increase our guesses for B, C.

We can see that the only logical answer is:

B= C=11


Answer: Dennis has 10 stickers.

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What are some best hacks to switch careers?

Just saw this post on Quora. Reblogging it here in case the original post gets deleted.

Quite interesting advice, with a nice name of “monkey bar technique”.

My PhD advisor once gave me the advice to use the “monkey bar technique”.

If you have achieved success in field X, and want to move into field Y, then you really don’t want to have to go back down to the bottom again and have to work your way up. Instead, a better approach is often to use your skills in field X to get a job that allows you to build expertise in field Y.

Sometimes you might need to take several steps to get where you want, where in each step you use your current skills to get a job that allows you to build new skills. This is similar to the way a child moving across the monkey bars holds onto one bar while reaching out for the next one.

In my case, I started out with a PhD in programming language implementation, which led to a job as a research scientist at Intel where I learned about the web, which led to a job as a software engineer at Google where I learned about product design, which led to a job as a product manager at Google and then Quora.

Rob Ennals, Product Manager at Quora, Former PM at Google, Parent.


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Chai Discus Shop Tour by Ryo Watanabe

This Japanese boy Ryo Watanabe is currently based in Japan, but used to be in Singapore for some time (his mother works here). I think he is probably back in Singapore recently again based on his videos.

Very amazing discus fish store tour. I usually enjoy watching his videos during meals, I think I have watched almost every single video (except those super long video interviews which may be more than an hour).

Do subscribe to his channel, and like, share, etc. His videos are usually very professionally produced, and he speaks very good English. Sometimes, I wish I have the time to tour all the fish stores like him.

SG Bearded Aquarist Fish Videos

Another fish YouTuber based in SG is SG Bearded Aquarist. Currently, he seems to be “inactive” for quite some time, maybe working on a new project? His videos are also very professionally produced, and he does branch out to overseas aquariums/ saltwater/ planted tanks as well.

One of my favorite videos from SG Bearded Aquarist is the one below (featuring Zaric and Jarenn Foo who are expert Pleco breeders).

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How to turn your blog into a book

This is something quite interesting. Possibly a very good idea for many bloggers — kill two birds with one stone (write a book while developing a blog).

Source: How to turn your blog into a book (WordPress)

We know many of you love your blogs, and gleefully publish photos and posts without thoughts to reuse your work in other forms. But we know some wonder: could this be a book? Recently we wrote about how a blogger scored a book deal for You Are Not So Smart. But what if you want to do it all yourself?

As a blogger who has authored several successful books with publishers, and who works on, I recently self-published a book based entirely on posts from my blog. I wanted to see what I could learn, and I’m here to share it all with you.

The book I self-published is called Mindfire: Big Ideas for Curious Minds. It’s a collection of my best essays from my WordPress blog at, where I write about ideas, creativity and leadership. The book has done well, and has often been in the top 100 books on philosophy and other categories on amazon since it was published.

There are four questions I often get asked by other bloggers.

1. How do you shape a blog into a book?

This is the wrong way to start. A book is a different reading experience than a blog, and to “shape” a blog into a book assumes words are like clay, where you can shove them into any shape you like. A book is a longer reading experience, and every chapter, or every page, needs to line up in a readable way with the others. It will take some effort to rework  material written for a blog to fit well together as a book. Don’t start with the assumption you’ll include every single post on your blog, or keep them in the chronological order they were written.

The first step is to make two lists: possible posts and possible concepts. You might discover a book concept that’s strong, but you only have 10 or 12 posts that fit. That’s ok. You can always choose to write more. Of course the theme of your entire blog could be the theme for a book, but consider other concepts too.

I went back to the beginning and made a list of posts that might be good enough to include. I made a separate list of possible book concepts. One concept I saw in some of my posts was intelligent provocation: asking big questions and offering intelligent and entertaining answers. I filtered the list based on that concept, and arrived at 45 possible posts.  Then I hired an editor to help refine the list, and the result was 30 posts that, while all written independently, fit together into an excellent read.

There are services like Blurb or Blog2print that will take your blog and build a book from it. If your WordPress blog is self-hosted, and not on, you might take a look at Anthologize, a plugin that automates the process of converting your blog into an e-book. But these services do nothing to shape your work into a great read. No software can do this for you.  There is an enormous distance between a ‘book’ and a ‘book someone will enjoy reading’ and that distance is closed only by your hard work.

Plan to take a draft version of your book and ask people to read it. Ask for feedback on improving the order of posts, or which posts don’t fit. You’ll notice people expect tighter and more careful writing in a book, compared to reading posts online. It’s acting on this feedback that makes the difference between a book that feels like a book, and a book that feels like a bunch of random posts thrown together. Revise posts, or write new material, to develop the book into a singular strong narrative. I asked for volunteers on my blog for people to give feedback on the drafts and their input was a key part of making the book so strong.

2. How do you actually (self) publish a book?

To go the traditional route, you’ll need to reach out to publishers or agents and try to find one that’s interested. This takes significant effort beyond writing the book itself. In all cases, traditional or self-published, the hardest part is writing and editing an excellent book. If you’re dedicated to your book, self-publishing can allow you to focus your energy on making the book better, rather than in searching for someone to give you a chance you can give yourself.

If you already have a well edited manuscript, you are most of the way there: the technical parts of self-publishing are surprisingly easy. You take your complete manuscript, after it has been copyedited and reviewed by an editor, and convert it to a PDF. With a PDF in hand, there are many services that will convert your PDF to a print or digital book for you.

For Mindfire, I used Lightning Source for the print edition, and a service called BookBaby to manage the digital editions.  These services list the book on, and it can be purchased like any other book on, including KindleiBook and other digital versions. It doesn’t cost much: maybe a few hundred dollars. If you choose to only produce a digital version, it can be much cheaper.

The more work you do, the cheaper the services are. If you are willing to hire your own editor and cover designer, or do those tasks yourself, and take care of details like getting an ISBN number, you can user services like  Lightning Source or CreateSpace to simply print and distribute he book. But if you want to hire people to help you, services like CreateSpace and let you pay them to take care of many steps on your behalf.

3. Why would people buy a book if the content is free on the blog?

The rise of the iPad and Kindle have proven the demand for longer reading experiences, experiences longer than what the web provides. A compilation of your work offers a deeper experience than what people get through your blog alone. Blogs are fantastic for small to medium length reading experiences, but to consume 40 or 50 posts without interruption, posts that are chosen to fit together on a specific theme, you need something else. A book is a better experience for this kind of continuous reading.

A book gives you an object demonstrating your talents to potential clients, business partners or anyone in the world you wish to impress. Since a book is often perceived as being a greater accomplishment than having a blog, it can be a stronger invitation to a new reader to give your work a try. It also allows your fans and friends to buy copies of your book to give to their friends as gifts: it helps them help you spread word of your work.

4. How can I use my blog to help the book succeed with the book?

If you involve your readers as your produce the book, they will naturally help spread word when it’s done. Using polls I asked my readers to help pick the title, to give feedback on several rounds of cover designs, and many other decisions. This attracted new readers curious about how books are made, and allowed me to collaborate with my readers on the book, increasing their interest in seeing it finished and released.

It’s counterintuitive, but giving the book away for free for a time helps a new book, and your blog, tremendously.

First it rewards your regular readers – who deserves a free copy more than your regular readers? The free give-away helps enlist them to reach out to their networks to bring more people to your blog for the first time. I gave Mindfire away for free for 48 hours, and had over 10,000 people download the book. It’s true my blog is popular, but many of those downloads were by people who had never heard of me before. My great fans on my site helped spread word on twitter and Facebook of my free offer, spreading my reach for future blog posts and books. I still give 1/3rd of the book away for free as a preview for anyone who wants to give it a try.

5. What’s the first step to take?

You’re a blogger: start by blogging about it. Ask your readers if they’re interested in helping you work on a book. Post your list of book concepts and see what they think. Perhaps there’s an author, editor or designer who reads your work that can lend their expertise. Take a careful look at the work you’ve already written and start thinking about what concepts might match.

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Marbles Math Question

Aaron and Bob had some marbles in a box.

At first, Bob had thrice as many marbles as Aaron.

Aaron sold 5 marbles and Bob bought another 35 marbles.

Then, Bob had 5 times as many marbles as Aaron.

How many marbles were there in the box at first?

This is part of a series on Homeschool Math Challenging Puzzles, suitable for Grades 2-4. (Of course, students of other grades are also welcome to try them out.) The questions are suitable for:

  • Homeschooling for gifted kids
  • Preparation for GEP (Gifted Education Programme) screening and selection tests
  • Preparation for Math Olympiad
  • Puzzles for kids interested in math but find school work too easy.


This question can be solved using the “units” method, and “working backwards”.

At the end, Bob had 5 times as many marbles as Aaron.

We write:

Aaron –> 1u

Bob –> 5u

Next, we work one step backwards (before Aaron sold 5 marbles and Bob bought another 35 marbles.)

Aaron –> 1u + 5

Bob —> 5u – 35

Now, we calculate what is 3 times of Aaron (thrice of Aaron’s marbles):

3 times of Aaron –> 3u + 15

We can conclude that:

3u+15 = 5u-35

We may draw the above model, after which we can conclude that:

2u –> 15+35=50

1u —> 25

Hence, Aaron had 1u+5 = 30 marbles at the start.

Bob had 5u-35 = 90 marbles at the start.

In total, there are 30+90= 120 marbles at first.

Ans: 120


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Homeschool Math Challenging Puzzles

Homeschool Math Challenging Questions

Mathtuition88 will be starting a series of Homeschool Math Challenging Problems, aimed at age 8 to 10 (Grade 2 to 4).

This series is targeted at kids age 8 to 10 who are strong / gifted at mathematics and wish to further stretch their potential. It is also useful for children who may not be strong in math at the moment, but have a keen interest in math nonetheless.

In particular, it is very suitable for the following purposes:

  • Homeschooling for gifted kids
  • Preparation for GEP (Gifted Education Programme) screening and selection tests
  • Preparation for Math Olympiad
  • Puzzles for kids interested in math but find school work too easy.

This series of questions will follow the Singapore Math syllabus for Grade 3 students, covering the following topics:

  1. Whole Numbers
  2. Fractions
  3. Money
  4. Measurement (Length, Mass, Volume)
  5. Time
  6. Area and Perimeter (rectangle/square)

Although the syllabus above is elementary, we are choosing the toughest math questions (while still remaining in the framework of the syllabus). Hence, the title of the series is “Homeschool Math Challenging Puzzles for Grades 2-4”!

As far as possible, the questions will be categorized under:

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7 Essential Abilities To Be A Successful Entrepreneur 

7 Essential Abilities To Be A Successful Entrepreneur 

Destination wanted by anyone who opens their particular company is a success.  However, despite the same objective, entrepreneurs can achieve success by taking very different paths. Regardless of the differences. Some values are typical of the huge majority of successful entrepreneurs. However, different from the profile of everyone is. Several training courses such as HR training courses, personal development courses, administration courses etc are conducted by Zoe Talent Solution. These courses help you to increase the growth of the business and helps to run the business successfully.

  1. Ambition

Without the desire to grow, achievement becomes more difficult.  To be ambitious is to have courage, firmness, and accept challenges, which means leaving your comfort zone.  Many views, that this value as something negative, possibly because they imagine that ambitious individual may harm others to reach their objectives, which isn’t correct. There’s absolutely no such lack of scruple.  What there is is an excellent instinct for competitiveness and a willingness to lead.

  1. Control

Achieving success isn’t straightforward.  Until everything goes well, lots of people get into debt, it takes time to construct a fantastic team and suffers to entice customers, among some other issues.  And, it isn’t easy to go through bad times without psychological control to withstand that pressure. The entrepreneurs must be willing to take risks.  If you want a more predictable life, maybe owning a business isn’t the best means for you.

  1. Perseverance 

Another important element that stands out in many lists of essential ingredients in the entrepreneur’s profile is perseverance.  Without that determination, you give up at the first sign of crisis.  So it’s important to believe that however long it takes you’ll get along.

  1. Be sociable.  

Whoever has their own business should relate, at all times, with clients, employees, and suppliers.  Therefore, extroverts have a certain advantage.  However, this doesn’t necessarily mean that shy people don’t stand a chance when undertaking.  They simply have to surround themselves with people that are good at interpersonal relationships.

  1. Being a revolutionary is not compulsory 

We often associate the image of the entrepreneur with that of the inventor that transforms a brilliant idea into a unique and disruptive business.  But, according to Santos, the entrepreneur isn’t always an inventor.  They could do very well when perfecting a product, or improve the processes of creating something.

  1. Relationship Building

Building relationships in business are essential for entrepreneurs because powerful relationships are required to resist persistent anxieties.  Relationships with colleagues, suppliers, clients, investors and a high number of different stakeholders are important. Great relationships that are maintained over time demand a whole lot of work and a great deal of skill.  Having a fantastic relationship focuses on trust, and if it is possible to create a sense of confidence in yourself and your business, this is going to be quite helpful. Concentrate on creating situations where everyone wins and ask yourself how I can improve things for another person is a handy way to build relationships and trust.

  1. Continuous self-development 

Those working in large companies are frequently asked to take part in the training.  Ideally, when you tackle, you continue to”train” your mind.  We are living in a world where everything changes very quickly and you will need to be always current.

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Going Hungry In Singapore

Singapore is famous for its cheap hawker food, including the cheapest Michelin-starred meal in the world. Why does hunger, or food insecurity, still exist in this city?

Food insecurity refers to the lack of reliable access to nutritious food due to financial constraints. But we found that it doesn’t exist only among the lower-income or the elderly poor. In a two-part special, CNA Insider investigates the issue of hunger, and the efforts to address it in Singapore. We spent months talking to recipients of food aid, and groups like The Food Bank Singapore, Free Food From All, Food From The Heart, Keeping Hope Alive, Willing Hearts, Volunteer Switchboard and SG Food Rescue.

Read more: Why some are going hungry in a cheap food paradise

How you can donate or volunteer:

Food From The Heart:

Food Bank Singapore:…

Free Food For All:

Willing Hearts:

National Volunteer and Philanthropy Centre:

TOUCH Community Services: To volunteer for Meals-On-Wheels delivery, call 68046565

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GEP Test Format

There is limited information on the GEP Test Format on the official MOE website:


The entry point into the GEP is at Primary 4.

Pupils are identified for the GEP through a two-stage exercise in Primary 3.

Stage Month Participants Papers
Screening August Primary 3 pupils enrolled in government and government-aided schools English Language


Selection October Only shortlisted pupils will be invited to the Selection stage English Language


General Ability

For the screening test, the duration for each paper is around 1.5 hours.

For the selection test, there are traditionally two papers of 2.5 hours each:

  • Paper 1: English paper and a General Ability paper
  • Paper 2: Maths paper and another General Ability paper

In August every year, the cohort of P3 students is invited to sit for a GEP screening test. The test is not compulsory but all children are encouraged to go for it. The test comprises an English and a Maths paper, about 1½ hours each.

Out of the cohort of approximately 50,000 kids, some 3,000 pupils (about 6%) are shortlisted for the GEP selection test.

The selection test takes place over two days in October, the first comprises an English paper and a General Ability paper, about 2½ hours in total. The second consists of a Maths paper and another General Ability paper, also about 2½ hours altogether.


GEP Test Syllabus

Officially, the GEP Test can only test within the Primary 3 syllabus. (This is more relevant for Math than English. For English, it is more open-ended, they can test advanced GEP vocabulary like “cantankerous”.)

For example, technically they are not supposed to test “speed” questions since that is a Primary 5 topic. Similarly, they are not supposed to test area/perimeter of circle questions, or even area/perimeter of triangle questions.

Hence, the GEP Math Test Syllabus (according to the official Primary 3 syllabus) includes:

  1. Whole Numbers
  2. Fractions
  3. Money
  4. Measurement (Length, Mass, Volume)
  5. Time
  6. Area and Perimeter (rectangle/square)
  7. Angles (basic concepts of right angle, acute angle)
  8. Perpendicular & Parallel Lines (basic concepts)
  9. Bar graphs

The above topics may seem deceptively easy. However, even for a simple topic like fractions, it is possible to test a question like the GEP Screening Test Question Sample: The Tap Question, which may stump many secondary school students.

Related posts:

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The Notorious Collatz conjecture

Terence Tao has uploaded his slides on the Collatz conjecture (targeted at high school students):

A very enjoyable read indeed.

The best “encyclopedic” reference on the Collatz conjecture is the one listed below, published by the American Math Society. Note that the Collatz conjecture remains unsolved as of today.

The Ultimate Challenge: The 3x+1 Problem

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Pinterest RSS Feed

Just testing my Pinterest RSS Feed. Set up a Pinterest account long ago but did not use it. Apparently Pinterest is useful for SEO, even more useful than Instagram which is mainly for branding. This is because Pinterest has backlinks pointing back to your original website.

Pinterest URL:

For testing, I will just upload this logo created using a free logo maker (

Mathtuition88 Logo

Connect RSS feeds to your Pinterest business account and automatically create Pins from the content on your website. When you update your RSS feed, your content will be added to your boards as Pins within 24 hours.


Update: I am facing this error, which I have no idea how to solve…

Oops! It looks like some of your connected RSS feeds are failing. Please review the errors below:

Pinterest can’t find images in your feed. Please make sure your feed has high quality images in <enclosure>, or <media:content> tags under each <item> tag.

Please check our Help Center for further details or to get help troubleshooting.

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The Wisdom Of The Law – Homily by Archbishop William Goh (16 Feb 2020)

Due to the COVID-19 virus, all Catholic masses in Singapore are suspended (till further notice). A YouTube online mass is made available.

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Preparation Tips for Examination For MBA

Preparation Tips for Examination For MBA

The preparation for the CAT exam 2020  is slightly different for the type of aspirants appearing. It has a division into two sections:

For first-time appearing aspirants Sol du Admission :

If you are going to attempt the CAT exam preparation tips for the first time, you can start with a full-time online course.

In this, the examining faculty will keep you updated about every aspect or changes in the CAT exam.

  • They will also help you to better and efficiently understand the techniques, tips, and tricks of solving the question paper.
  • The online course providers will also offer you study material and mock tests to assist you in your preparation.
  • After completing your syllabus, you can take revision classes and doubt classes to clear all the concepts of the exam.


Career counseling in India



 For reappearing aspirants:

If an aspirant fails to clear the CAT exam in the first attempt, he/she shouldn’t feel disheartened. Instead, give yourself another chance and start your preparation again after making a few changes.

  • Firstly, analyze your weak and strong points in the syllabus.
  • You can also take sectional tests available online.
  • Try giving more and more mock tests to improve your practice score. Also, make sure you solve the previous year question papers of CAT.
  • Make sure you give a minimum of 3-4 hours per day for the exam.
  • Be consistent in your preparation. An aspirant needs at least 7-8 months of training to score well in the CAT exam.

You can always change the exam preparation plan according to your strengths, weaknesses, and capabilities. There are no fixed preparation criteria to clear the exam.

 Application Fee

The application fee for general or OBC category students is INR 1900, while for the reserved category students (SC, ST, PWD), the fee is INR 950.

Admit Card

The admit card for the CAT exam will be available on the official website. The tentative date set for the availability of the admit card in October.

  • Aspirants who have submitted their applications successfully can download the admit card by logging in to their account.
  • After downloading the admit card, make sure all your details and information mentioned on it is correct.
  • If there’s any mistake, contact the concerned authority to get it changed.
  • If your admit card is fine with all the details, get a printout of it and make sure you carry it while going for the CAT exam.

Exam Date

The tentative date set for the conduct of the CAT exam is the month of November.

 Exam Results

The results of the CAT exam expected a declaration in January. They will be out on the official website only.

 Exam Centre

CAT will get conducted in a total of 156 cities across India. It will hold in two different slots- morning and evening.

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The entry for the CPL course in IGRUA involves the selection process, which begins with the Online Written Exam (Computer-based), followed by the Interview Round and lastly the Pilot Aptitude/PT. To take an entry, aspirants are mandated to qualify every stage of the Entry process. Aspirants qualifying the Online Written Exam will call in for the Interview Round. Following the Interview Round, the selected aspirants will further get notified for the PAT.

The entry for CPL will get done based on the marks scored by aspirants in the PAT.

Some of the students those need to take admission in kuvempu university

Career counseling in India

  •         IMTS INSTITUTE ( NOIDA )

Exam Pattern:

  • Online Written Exam-The question paper comprises Mathematics, General English, Physics, Reasoning, and Current Affairs.
  • There is no negative marking.
  • The question paper consists of 10+2 level objective-type questions.
  • The cut-off for reserved category aspirants is 5% less than the score obtained by the last General category aspirant.
  • Interview Round- The aspirants shortlisted for the Interview Round are required to bring in the following documents for verification:
  • Birth Certificate (10th Class certificate)
  • 10th Mark sheet
  • 10+2 Mark sheet
  • Caste certificate for reserved category aspirants
  • Admit Card downloaded for Online Written Exam
  • PAT / PT- The aspirants qualifying the Interview Round will move on to the PAT. The reserved category students will not be allowed any relaxation for the Pilot Aptitude / PT. Qualifying the PT will make the aspirant eligible for entry in CPL.

Official website

Aspirants recommended visiting the official website of the IGRAU institute for any information regarding the Entrance Test at The applying aspirants can also download their Admit Card for the Online Written Exam through the official portal referred to above.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Q how can i take admission in Assam Don Bosco University

A you can visit university website 

  1. In which cities is the Online Written Exam conducted?
  2. The IGRUAconducts the Online Written Exam in all the major cities across the nation. The relevant address about the centre, prescribed in the Admit Card.
  3. What is the minimum age for joining the CPL course?
  4. The aspirants must not be below the age of 17 years for joining the CPL course. Aspirants below 17 years of age can apply for the selection process positively.
  5. What is the limit for intake of entry for the CPL course?
  6. The IGRUA selects a maximum of 100 aspirants annually for the course.
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Mosquito Rasbora & Neon Tetra

Mosquito Rasbora (Boraras Merah / Phoenix Rasbora) can live peacefully together with neon tetras!

The neon tetras mostly ignore the smaller mosquito rasboras, except maybe during feeding time where they try to snatch the food. There has been zero aggression between the mosquito rasboras and the neon tetras.

Mosquito Rasbora are surprisingly clever and have distinct personalities. One of my mosquito rasbora prefer to hangout near the top of the water together with the neon tetras, while another prefers to swim low near the roots of plants.

Mosquito Rasbora together with Neon Tetra

Phoenix Rasbora with Neon Tetra in the background (behind leaf)

Boraras Merah (Phoenix Rasbora) is a micropredator and a surprisingly intelligent small fish.

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Should I fast my fish once a week?

Many aquarium hobbyists propose fasting their fish once a week (i.e. not feeding the fish one day every week). The benefits of doing so include:

  • lower chance of constipation / bloating which may lead to swim bladder disease
  • clear the digestive system
  • better water quality (this is not the main point, but a side benefit)

I think in part people fast fish because in nature, if the fish was living it’s natural life, it would never be able to count on finding food every day, so fasting now and then is seen to be more in keeping with a natural life. Living in a glass box is so far from nature I’m not sure how valid that reasoning is, but it does no harm.

Man made foods are also filled with things the fish would never, ever eat in the wild, so fasting may be a break from some of that. Might be better to alternate man made with frozen or live though, the fish will be healthier for it.

If a fish has been constipated, fasting may well give the bowel a needed rest. Man made foods have many things like flour and other binding or bulking agents, and they are, I think, one of the prime reasons some fish become constipated. It’s not what they evolved to eat.

Just for an example, feeding living daphnia in quantity to fish is almost like giving them a laxative, they shoot through so fast, but fish eating living daphnia have amazing colour and vitality too. Great for conditioning to breed. In the wild daphnia are rather ephemeral, having huge numbers in spring and far fewer later. So fish and other critters that eat them, eat them much like we do some of the more perishable fruits.. when they’re available ! They eat all they can ’til they’re gone.


There is also a scientific research article on fasting tilapia fish. Basically the study found that “Overall, results suggest that fasting one day a week does not affect growth efficiency and that tilapia adjust well to relative changes in feeding frequency.”

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What is 8 ÷ 2(2+2) = ?

The correct answer, according to New York Times, is 16!

The other popular answer is 1.

The main idea is to use the BODMAS rule, to evaluate the bracket first. Then, it becomes 8÷2×4 = 4×4 = 16.

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Jeff Bezos: How do you say no to annoying meeting requests?


How do you respond:

  1. A) Yes, I’ll definitely meet with you.
  2. B) No, I won’t meet with you.
  3. C) Tell you what. Call so and so and they’ll work something out.
  4. D) Quietly resolve to become a shut-in.
  5. E) Something else (fill in the blank)

Quite interesting to see Jeff Bezos’s answer (Option C).

Unfortunately this option only works for higher level executives who have a secretary/admin staff?


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Python (Anaconda) does not work with MacOS Catalina!

This is just to highlight that the Anaconda Python Distribution does not work with the latest MacOS Catalina. I only realized upon trying to open Anaconda Navigator, after installing Catalina.

The only (good) solution seems to be reinstalling Anaconda.


MacOS Catalina was released on October 7, 2019, and has been causing quite a stir for Anaconda users.  Apple has decided that Anaconda’s default install location in the root folder is not allowed. It moves that folder into a folder on your desktop called “Relocated Items,” in the Security folder. If you’ve used the .pkg installer for Anaconda, this probably broke your Anaconda installation.  Many users discuss the breakage at

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LaTex Plot Axis 3D

There are many packages in LaTeX to plot 3D, including tikz-3dplot, and other exotic packages.

The easiest one to use for plotting a simple 3D graph, with xyz axis and origin, is Pgfplots in my opinion.

The code to plot the diagram below is included for reference.

First, we need to add the following in the preamble of the LaTeX document:


Then, to draw the actual diagram, the following simple code will do:

  axis lines=center,

% plot dots for the points
\addplot3 [only marks] coordinates {(1,2,3) (4,5,6)};

% plot dashed lines to axes
\addplot3 [no marks,densely dashed] coordinates {(1,2,3) (4,5,6)};

% label points
\node [above] at (axis cs:1,2,3) {$A (1,2,3)$};
\node [above right] at (axis cs:4,5,6) {$B (4,5,6)$};
\node [below left] at (axis cs:0,0,0) {$O$};
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Neon Tetra Bloated

Neon Tetra Bloated (Constipation)

One of my neon tetras is bloated/constipated. It has trouble sinking, it is swimming heads down and tails up. Hopefully it does not progress to the dreaded swim bladder disease or dropsy. Possible reasons is that it could have eaten the lion’s share of the TetraMin flake food the day before. I tried dosing Melafix (do not have any other suitable medication). I find that flake food tends to make neon tetras bloated (they may swallow air at the surface), but usually it subsides within a few hours. This tetra has been bloated for one full day, which is quite abnormal according to my experience.

Neon Tetra Bloated Recovery

Good news! The neon tetra recovered from bloat! Its stomach is noticeably more normal sized (previously there was a small lump). I am not sure if it was due to the Melafix or not. It is swimming normally now.

Update: I found out that one way to prevent neon tetra from getting bloated, without pre-soaking pellets and flakes, is to scatter the floating pellets in a wide area around the tank. This allows more time for the pellets to absorb water while the neon tetras are searching around. I found that this is much better than feeding through the “feeding slot” area at the top of my tank lid.

Another advantage is that slower fish can also get a better chance at eating the pellets while the fast neons are swimming around searching for their food. If I drop the pellets in a small area, it is likely that a few neon tetras will gobble up all the food, leaving none for the rest (and those neon tetras will end up bloated).

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Convert Lichess Blitz Rating to FIDE

Previously, we have written a blog post on Lichess to FIDE Elo Rating Conversion. The formulae there still hold to some extent, but it is slightly outdated. We have updated the formula (using linear regression), using recent data in Feb 2020.

Conversion Formulae

The formula is:

FIDE rating = (0.8399)*(Lichess Blitz Rating) + 179.8890

For example, if your Lichess Blitz Rating is 1800, then your estimated FIDE rating is:

(0.8399)*1800+179.8890 = 1692


We use 30 data points obtained from website through searching the keywords: “FIDE rating:” site:

We then use R to perform linear regression. The best fit line is shown below.

Code and Output

df <- read.csv("lichessfide.csv")

##   X Lichess..Blitz. FIDE
## 1 1            2425 2390
## 2 2            2215 1899
## 3 3            2521 2550
## 4 4            2834 2554
## 5 5            1498 1597
## 6 6            2943 2612

#scatter.smooth(x=df$Lichess..Blitz., y=df$FIDE, main="FIDE rating against Lichess Blitz")  # scatterplot

cor(df$Lichess..Blitz., df$FIDE)  # calculate correlation 

## [1] 0.8609222

# 0.8609222

linearMod <- lm(FIDE ~ Lichess..Blitz., data=df)  # build linear regression model on full data

## Call:
## lm(formula = FIDE ~ Lichess..Blitz., data = df)
## Coefficients:
##     (Intercept)  Lichess..Blitz.  
##        179.8890           0.8399


## Call:
## lm(formula = FIDE ~ Lichess..Blitz., data = df)
## Residuals:
##     Min      1Q  Median      3Q     Max 
## -318.89 -132.16   -0.55   98.59  294.14 
## Coefficients:
##                  Estimate Std. Error t value Pr(>|t|)    
## (Intercept)     179.88901  228.51972   0.787    0.438    
## Lichess..Blitz.   0.83989    0.09379   8.955 1.04e-09 ***
## ---
## Signif. codes:  0 '***' 0.001 '**' 0.01 '*' 0.05 '.' 0.1 ' ' 1
## Residual standard error: 152.5 on 28 degrees of freedom
## Multiple R-squared:  0.7412, Adjusted R-squared:  0.7319 
## F-statistic: 80.19 on 1 and 28 DF,  p-value: 1.038e-09

plot(df$Lichess..Blitz, df$FIDE)
abline(lm(FIDE ~ Lichess..Blitz.,data=df))
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Alternanthera Reineckii Mini Low Tech

Alternanthera Reineckii Mini (AR Mini) is still surviving after 2 weeks in low tech tank! No CO2 added, basic LED light.

Singapore Maths Tuition

AR Mini Low Tech

This blog post is an experiment on whether Alternanthera Reineckii Mini (AR Mini) can survive in a low tech (i.e. no CO2 supplementation) tank.

The plant used is Tropica tissue culture as shown below:

Tropica Alternanthera reineckii ‘Mini’ Live Aquarium Plant – in Vitro Tissue Culture 1-2-Grow!

Traditionally, Alternanthera reineckii ‘Mini’ (AR Mini) is grown in high tech, high light tanks where it will grow into a deep red purplish color. In low tech, lower light tanks, I am trying to see if it can still grow, albeit less red. Maybe a lighter red or olive / bronze color like its cousin Alternanthera Roseafolia (below), would be a good enough result.

Mainam Alternanthera Reineckii VAR. Roseafolia Telanthera Freshwater Red Stem Live Aquarium Plant

Tank Parameters and Fertilization

Tank size: 5 Gallon (I am using this tank: Ripples Premium Aquarium Glass Fish Tank (with Filter and LED…

View original post 653 more words

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Good Phrases for Chinese Compo

Good phrases for Chinese Composition Writing (Secondary school / Top Primary Students)

Using a good phrase (correctly) can instantly add marks for your Chinese Compo (Composition), as it shows that the student is well-versed and adept in using Chinese Idioms/Proverbs.

The more exotic the phrase, the better the effect (when used correctly). Common phrases like “风和日丽” have been used thousands of times and hence do not have a beneficial impact on impressing the teacher (or grader).

Hence, for the hardworking student who wishes to gain marks in Chinese compo, the best strategy is to memorize some good phrases that have a wide range for applications. Then, apply the phrases appropriately in the Chinese composition. A problem for Singaporean students is that they have limited Chinese vocabulary, which in turn limits the marks the teacher can give for the “Vocabulary” section of the Composition. (Basically, the teacher can only give average marks if you use average vocabulary…)


The above source is an excellent handbook on Chinese composition, which contains many good Chinese phrases. We post selected excerpts here in case the original website is down.


题材范围 常用语句、观点
一般现象 v  冰冻三尺,非一日之寒

v  仁者见仁,智者见智

v  冰山一角

v  水能载舟,也能覆舟

v  解铃还须系铃人

v  治标不治本、头痛医头,脚痛医脚、标本兼治

v  预防胜于治疗

v  他山之石,可以攻玉

家庭教育 v  上梁不正下梁歪

v  养不教,父之过

v  望子成龙,望女成凤

v  身教重于言教

朋友 v  近朱者赤,近墨者黑

v  益者三友:友直、友谅、友多闻

学校教育 v  德智体群美,五育并重

v  十年树木,百年树人

社会环境 v  文凭挂帅

v  金钱挂帅、功利主义

v  万般皆下品,唯有读书高

v  色情、暴力媒介泛滥

价值观(人生、审美、道德) v  金钱、物质享受是身外之物,生不带来,死不带去

v  内在美比外在美重要

v  美并不是绝对的

国民素质(道德勇气、怕输心态、公德心、自私、睦邻、爱国) v  多一事不如少一事、睁一眼闭一眼、明哲保身

v  个人自扫门前雪,不管他人瓦上霜

v  已所不欲,勿施于人

v  国家兴亡,匹夫有责

v  鸡犬之声相闻,老死不相往来

v  修身齐家治国平天下

励志(知错能改、毅力、惜时) v  人非圣贤,孰能无过?过而改之,善莫大焉

v  我要扼住命运的咽喉,不让命运征服我

v  不经一番寒彻骨,哪得梅花扑鼻香?

v  抛弃时间的人,时间也抛弃他

v  人生的光荣不在于永不失败,而在于能够屡仆屡起

v  时间有如海绵里的水,肯挤,总是有的

压力 v  压力如同胆固醇,有好坏之分

v  竞争和欲望是压力的两大根源



  1. 所谓“_________________ ”,这几个青少年之所以会犯罪,恐怕是长时间生活在不良的家庭环境中的结果。

  1. 读了少年抢劫老太太的报道,我为这样的现象感到生气,也为这些抢劫案的少年的未来感到担心,但更令我担心的是,这则新闻只不过是青少年行为问题的________________罢了。

  1. 家庭对青少年的影响,可从好几个方面加以讨论。首先,如果父母本身没有好的习惯,甚至有一堆恶习,青少年就会在不知不觉中模仿父母的行为举止,这就是所谓“_________________ ”的道理。

  1. 互联网可以大大的开阔我们的视野,也拉近了我们与世界的距离,但是,_________________,如果太长时间沉迷于互联网,不但会伤害视力,还会疏远我们和家人的关系。

  1. 目前,莘莘学子面对很大的学习压力,他们甚至因为这些压力而需要看精神科医生。到底这些压力主要是来自教育制度,还是来自家长,这是一个                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             _________________的问题。

  1. 听说某国政府让乱过马路的行人当场唱国歌,作为惩罚,我觉得_________________,我国政府或许也可采用同样的方法,来对付乱抛垃圾的人。

  1. 高楼抛物者被惩罚,我觉得他们是罪有应得。但是,我们千万不能以为惩罚能够一劳永逸地解决问题,因为那只是_________________罢了;若要_________________地解决这类问题,我们应该加强国人的公德心教育,铲除_________________的心态,使大家了解_________________的道理,表现出多为别人着想的行为。

  1. 总而言之,从高楼抛物的事件中,我们应该了解,提高国民素质是刻不容缓的工作。虽然这样的目标不容易达成,但是,_________________ ,我相信只要我们从现在开始努力,我们总有一天会拥有一个真正的优雅社会。

  1. 所谓“_________________”,如果我们的国家灭亡了,我们这些子民将成为无家可归的孤儿。所以,我们必须爱我们的国家,不能动不动就说要移民。

  1. 所谓“_________________________”?在人生的道路上,谁没有犯过错误?



1.冰冻三尺,非一日之寒 2.冰山一角 3.上梁不正下梁歪 4.水能载舟,也能覆舟 5.仁者见仁,智者见智6.他山之石,可以攻玉 7.治标不治本;标本兼治;各人自扫门前雪,不管他人瓦上霜;己所不欲,勿施于人 8.不经一番寒彻骨,哪得梅花扑鼻香 9.国家兴亡,匹夫有责 10.人非圣贤,孰能无过


1. 百闻不如一见 亲眼看到远比听人家说来得可靠。
2. 百尺竿头,更进一步。 勉励人们不应满足已有的成就,还要继续努力。
3. 比上不足,比下有余。 表示中等水平。劝人们要知足。
4. 不费吹灰之力 形容做起事情来非常容易。
5. 不经一事,不长一智。 不经历一些事情,就不能增长见识。
6. 不鸣则已,一鸣惊人。 比喻人平时没什么表现,但一有表现就成绩惊人。
7. 不入虎穴,焉得虎子。 比喻没有亲身经历过险境,就不会有所得。
8. 长江后浪推前浪,


9. 成事不足,败事有余。 不但没有把事情办好,反而把事情搞砸。
10. 乘兴而来,败兴而归。 原是满怀高兴地来,结果却带着扫兴的心情回去。
11. 吃得苦中苦,


12. 当局者迷,旁观者清。 指被卷入事情中的人往往看不到自己的错误,但在旁观看的人却能看出来。
13. 读书破万卷,


14. 二人同心,其利断金。 只要双方能合作,就可以发挥很大的力量。
15. 风马牛不相及 两者之间毫无关系或互不相干。
16. 各人自扫门前雪,


17. 国家兴亡,匹夫有责。 国家大事人人都有责任。
18. 迅雷不及掩耳 事发突然,来不及防备。
19. 吉人自有天相 行善的人老天自然会保佑他。
20. 己所不欲,勿施于人。 本身不想要的,千万不要转加在别人身上。
21. 既有今日,何必当初。 因为感慨现在的不如意,而后悔过去的错误。
22. 家丑不可外扬 家里出了丑事,不能向外声张。
23. 近朱者赤,近墨者黑。 与好人接近就能学好,与坏人接近就容易学坏。
24. 良药苦口利于病,


25. 满招损,谦受益。 一个人自满必会招致损失,谦虚则可得到益处。
26. 猫哭耗子假慈悲 坏人装出假情假意的样子。
27. 牛头不对马嘴 前后言语不能相对应,或答非所问。
28. 平时不烧香,


29. 千里送鹅毛,


30. 千里之行,始于足下 。 要成就一番事业,就要从最根本做起。
31. 前人种树,后人乘凉。 前人不怕辛劳,为后人造福。
32. 青出于蓝,而胜于蓝。 学生的成就比老师好。
33. 人非圣贤,孰能无过。 一个人犯错是难免的,最重要的是能改过。
34. 工欲善其事,


35. 勿以善小而不为,





36. 好事不出门,


37. 无风不起浪,


38. 人往高处走,


39. 人无千日好,

花无百日红 。

40. 人无远虑,必有近忧。 指人若不做长远打算,眼前就会出现令人担忧的事。
41. 日有所思,夜有所梦。 形容整天为某些事情担心。
42. 三寸不烂之舌 口才极好。
43. 三个臭皮匠,


44. 三人行,必有我师焉 。 随时随地都可以向别人学习。
45. 上得山多终遇虎 比喻经常冒险做事,总会遇上挫折。
46. 上梁不正下梁歪 比喻在上的人行为不好,在下的也会跟着学坏
47. 少壮不努力,


48. 胜败乃兵家常事 不要把偶然的一次失败看得太严重。
49. 失败是成功之母 从失败中吸取经验,最后必能获得成功。
50. 失之毫厘,谬以千里。 指一点小错误会造成很大的损失。
51. 十年树木,百年树人。 形容培养人才是长久之计。
52. 识时务者为俊杰 指能认清时势而做出适当选择的人是个聪明人。
53. 事实胜于雄辩 事情的真相比争论更有说服力。
54. 书到用时方恨少 到了要应用知识的时候才发现所学的不够。
55. 水能载舟,也能覆舟。 比喻一点小错误可能会造成重大的损失。
56. 踏破铁鞋无觅处,


57. 桃李满天下 比喻门徒或学生很多。
58. 天网恢恢,疏而不漏。 比喻一个犯了法的人很难逃脱法律的制裁。
59. 天下无难事,


60. 天有不测风云,


61. 万丈高楼平地起 比喻一切事物都要从基本做起。
62. 亡羊补牢,未为晚也。 比喻事情出错后如果赶快进行补救,还是可以防止以后再犯错误。
63. 小巫见大巫 两者相比之下, 出现很大的差异。
64. 心有余而力不足 心里很想帮忙,但力量不够。
65. 哑巴吃黄连,


66. 一言既出,驷马难追。 形容话一说出口,就没有办法收回来。
67. 有过之而无不及 相比之下,只有超过而没有比不上的地方。
68. 有志者事竟成 只要有决心,就能成功。
69. 只要工夫深,


70. 种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆。 比喻做怎样的事, 就会有怎样的结果。
71. 助人为快乐之本 比喻帮助人会带来快乐。
72. 八仙过海,各显神通。 指各自施展本领,互相比赛,或指各有各的一套办法。
73. 宝剑锋从磨砺出,


74. 冰冻三尺,


75. 不听老人言,


76. 车到山前必有路,


77. 成者为王,败者为寇。 指造反成功的就成为王侯,失败的就落为盗贼。
78. 乘兴而来,败兴而返。 指原是满怀高兴的来,不料却带着扫兴的心情回去。
79. 尺有所短,寸有所长。 比喻事物或人各有长处和短处。
80. 到处留心皆学问 学问是靠平时留心、日长月久累积起来的。
81. 滴水之恩,不忘涌泉相报。 指即使人们只给你小恩惠,你也应该报答他。
82. 读万卷书,行万里路。 指一个人要多读书, 多旅行以扩大视野。
83. 公道自在人心 指群众心里雪亮,是非自有公论。
84. 公而忘私,国而忘家。 因公事而忘记私事,因国家而忘记自己的家。
85. 活到老,学到老。 说明学无止境。指人要有求知的精神。
86. 江山易移,秉性难改。 比喻一个人的性格、习性很难改变。
87. 将相本无种,男儿当自强。 将相并不是血统遗传下来的,男子汉应当发奋图强。
88. 解铃还须系铃人 谁系上的铃还得谁来解开。比喻谁惹出来的问题,仍由谁去解决.
89. 金无足赤,人无完人。 黄金没有百分之百的纯,人没有十全十美的。说明不应苛求。 一个人完全没有一点缺点。
90. 金玉其外,败絮其中。 比喻外表很华丽, 里头却一团糟。
91. 敬人者人恒敬之,


懂得尊敬他人者将长久受到他人的尊敬; 懂得爱惜他人者将长久得到他人的爱惜。
92. 酒逢知己千杯少,


93. 救人一命,胜造七级浮屠。 救人一条性命,比建造七层佛塔的功德还大。
94. 聚少成多,滴水成河。 比喻积少成多。
95. 留得青山在,


96. 路遥知马力,


97. 麻雀虽小,五脏俱全。 比喻事物规模虽小,但包含的内容样样具备,有典型意义。
98. 千军易得,一将难求。 比喻庸才易求得,人才却难找。
99. 千里之堤,溃于蚁穴。 千里长的大堤由于一个小小的蚂蚁洞而溃决。比喻小事情不注意,会酿成大祸患。
100. 一山还有一山高,



 How to Start / End Chinese Compo


A 开头

  1. 对于这个现象,我感到十分悲愤与惊讶。这是一个严重的社会问题,我们绝对不可等闲视之
  2. 这则报道使我震惊不已。在一个样样要求第一的新加坡发生如此的现象,实在是让身为这个国家的一分子的我感到无地自容
  3. 读了这则新闻,我陷入了深深的思索。我认为,大家应以谨慎的态度看待此事,绝不能掉以轻心
  4. 针对这个现象,身为一名青少年的我,不禁为此感到汗颜。这是一个值得社会各阶层关注的现象。
  5. 这则新闻并不令人感到意外,但对此,我还是觉得无比的失望和愤慨
  6. 读完这则报章报道后,我感触良多,不吐不快。
  7. 我觉得这种现象很让人担心,并且很值得我们探讨研究解决的方案。若不尽快制止这种现象,后果无疑将不堪设想。

B 原因

  1. 所谓“无风不起浪,事出必有因”到底是什么因素导致这个现象发生呢?以我个人的浅见,其中的原因不外是以下几点:
  2. 俗语说得好“病从浅中医”,要医病,必须先找病症,然后对症下药,结果将事半功倍。以我个人的浅见,促使问题发生的个中原因不外是以下几点:
  3. 深究…(问题)…的原因,不外是以下几点:
  4. 之所以会有…(问题)…,原因有很多。让我来逐一阐明。
  5. 正所谓“冰冻三尺,非一日之寒”这个问题并不是在一朝一夕之内形成的。那么,究竟是什么因素导致这个问题发生呢?
  6. 针对这个现象,我认为究其原因,可归纳为以下几个方面:

C 影响

  1. 长此下去,这个问题若不解决,后果/影响无疑将不堪设想。
  2. 基于问题的严重性,若不及时解决,这个问题所引发的后果将一发不可收拾。
  3. 若不及时对症下药,长此下去,这个现象将导致下列的后果。

D 建议

  1. 这个问题影响既深且远,因此,我们绝对不能掉以轻心。要杜绝这个不良现象,需要各方面的紧密配合。
  2. 欲有效地解决这个棘手的问题,以我的浅见,有下列几个方法:
  3. 正所谓“宜未雨绸缪,而勿临渴掘井”,因此,在事情还未恶化之前,我们必须找出良策解决问题。
  4. 所谓“亡羊补牢,未为晚也”,笔者深信唯有对症下药,才能够有效地改善这个现象。

E 总结

  1. 一言以蔽之,所谓“冰冻三尺,非一日之寒”,要杜绝这个问题不是一朝一夕所能办到的。但是,只要能够万众一心,笔者深信,这个问题能够获得有效的解决将不是一件遥不可及的事。
  2. 综上所述,俗语说的好“人心齐,泰山移”,只要大家多管齐下,同心协力,通力合作,解决这个问题是指日可待的。
  3. 一言以蔽之,我认为这严重的社会问题应早日解决,若未解决,(复述问题,例如:青少年涉及偷窃案),将有增无减。正所谓“宜未雨绸缪,勿临渴掘井”,切勿等到事情发生了才来补救,那就为时已晚了。
  4. 总而言之,…(问题)…是令人担忧的,但是只要各方面合作,多管齐下,这个问题是可以迎刃而解的。
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Michelle Chong Ad (Elite School Funny Video)

Michelle Chong’s portrayal of a student from an elite school in Singapore (not hard to guess once you watch the video) is fantastic!

LOL at the amazingly funny line “are you from my rival school, the one with the sleeveless uniform”? (Hinting at another elite school in SG, again not hard to guess.)

The portrayal is quite realistic to be honest!

Review: 10/10 Must watch!

Video at: Facebook

(Do follow Mathtuition88 Facebook page for similar posts on Education, Math, and other interesting news.)

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Mega Database of JC Prelim Papers


This weirdly titled Google Drive (“Electric Boogaloo”) contains a mega-database of JC Prelim papers for most if not all subjects, even esoteric subjects like “Theatre Studies and Drama”. Exam papers ranges from H1 to H3, and from the years 2008 to 2019.

Do download in advance if you need the material, from experience such Google Drives tend to “disappear” from time to time.

We have included the above link in the Free Exam Papers / Free Test Papers page, containing other large sources of Free Exam Papers.

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Wuhan Virus Swimming Pool

Wuhan Virus Swimming

This post is all about whether the Wuhan coronavirus can spread in swimming pools. It is a top search in Google, however there is currently zero information about it.

We will list down various sources on other types of similar flu viruses and whether it can spread through swimming pools.

Source 1: (Yes!)

The short answer is yes. As Every Day Health summarized, germs that cause the flu and other illnesses spread so fast because people transmit it by simple motions, like a sneeze or a cough. Everyone from children to coworkers to spouses can be culprits. If any of them uses the pool, it can easily get to you.


Source 2: Illinois Department of Public Health (Maybe, not conclusive)

No research has been completed on the susceptibility of H1N1 influenza virus to chlorine and other disinfectants used in swimming pools, spas, water parks, interactive fountains and other treated recreational venues. However, recent studies have demonstrated that free chlorine levels recommended by CDC (1–3 parts per million [ppm or mg/L] for pools and 2–5 ppm for spas) are adequate to disinfect avian influenza A (H5N1) virus. It is likely that other influenza viruses such as H1N1 virus would also be similarly disinfected by chlorine.


Source 3 (Channel News Asia):

Q: Can the virus be spread through water such as via swimming pools? Or through one’s eyes?

Prof Gray: We don’t know, but other respiratory viruses can, such as adenovirus which is a hardier type of virus.

Prof Wang: Transmission through the swimming pool is unlikely unless the person is swimming very close to an infected person. Yes, it is possible to be infected through the eyes.

Asst Prof Anderson: It is unlikely that the coronavirus can be spread through water, especially chlorinated swimming pools. Coronaviruses are also not known to be spread though the eyes.

There is an anecdotal case of infection through the eye and, if this infection did occur, it is an extremely rare event.



It is basic chemical knowledge that chlorine in pools is a powerful disinfectant. At high concentrations, chlorine is capable of destroying any living thing, not just Wuhan virus. However, swimming is not 100% underwater, there is a period of walking into the swimming pool, as well as breathing above water. During those periods above water, it is possible for the Wuhan virus to be transmitted. Also, if the chlorine concentration is not strong enough, it may not be enough to disinfect the virus.

Hence, it is better to be safe and avoid swimming pools during this period!


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Where to buy surgical mask Singapore

You may first check out the nearest Guardian, Watsons or Unity near your place. Most likely, Guardian and Watsons are out of stock already, while Unity has a long queue. (I personally checked them out on 28 Jan near my place.)

Do check out the terms and conditions before joining the long queue at Unity. (They will put a poster in front of their store.) Apparently the queue at Unity is only for those who have pre-ordered masks beforehand!

The next best option is to buy online, specifically from Qoo10 since they have stock from Korea. I ordered these two listed below which are decently priced (some sellers are taking advantage of the situation to raise up the price). Korean masks are said to be higher quality and more comfortable to wear.

[S$35.00](▼37%)[IN STOCK!!]👍Good For Corona Virus👍Made in korea/psi/ n95/pm2.5/30pcs /health mask/delivery4~5


[S$19.99](▼64%)[surgical mask]Good for china pneumonia Kid / Aduilt Face Mask 1Set = 60Pcs / Surgical MASK / psi / n95 / pm2.5 /


Basically, the best type of mask is N95 but they are expensive. Surgical mask is cheaper and is said by experts to be good enough for preventing the Wuhan virus.

Where to buy surgical mask online

Due to overwhelming demand, even online sellers on Qoo10 are running out of stock. The next option is to buy US surgical masks from Amazon. The below are good options:

  • Barcley is the #1 Best Seller in the Medical Face Masks Category
  • Starryshine Lifeguard Masks are Medical Grade masks perfect for Surgical, Allergy, Dental, Cold, Flu & Germ. Alcohol Pads Included.

Barcley Disposable Sanitary Surgical Masks – Thick 3Ply Medical Mouth Masks with Comfortable Earloop – Pollen, Flu & Allergy Face Masks with High Bacteria Filtration (Blue)

50 pcs- (3-ply) Blue- Disposable Premium Earloop Face Masks – Medical Grade–Prefect for Surgical, Allergy, Dental, Cold, Flu Germ ect.— Alcohol Pads Included.

Where to buy N95 mask in Singapore

N95 masks are actually more powerful than surgical masks. The only downsides are that they are more expensive and also more uncomfortable to wear (over long periods of time). N95 masks are so named because they can block 95% of particles of size 0.3 micrometers. This is according to the US NIOSH air filtration rating.

Note that N95 masks can be reused as long as it “maintains its structural and functional integrity and the filter material is not physically damaged or soiled.”. The CDC (USA Centre of Disease Control) also recommends reuse of N95 masks to a certain extent (defined as “limited reuse”).

Since surgical masks are the top candidates for purchase, it is often the case that surgical masks are sold out first, while N95 masks may still be in stock. A top manufacturer of N95 masks is 3M, which is based in the US. Hence, purchasing N95 masks from Amazon is cost-effective in the sense that it is right from the source of the manufacturer (3M).

3M 8511 Respirator, N95, Cool Flow Valve (2-Pack)

3M Particulate Respirator 8210, N95, Smoke, Dust, Grinding, Sanding, Sawing, Sweeping, 20/Pack

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Alternanthera Reineckii Mini Low Tech

AR Mini Low Tech

This blog post is an experiment on whether Alternanthera Reineckii Mini (AR Mini) can survive in a low tech (i.e. no CO2 supplementation) tank.

The plant used is Tropica tissue culture as shown below:

Tropica Alternanthera reineckii ‘Mini’ Live Aquarium Plant – in Vitro Tissue Culture 1-2-Grow!

Traditionally, Alternanthera reineckii ‘Mini’ (AR Mini) is grown in high tech, high light tanks where it will grow into a deep red purplish color. In low tech, lower light tanks, I am trying to see if it can still grow, albeit less red. Maybe a lighter red or olive / bronze color like its cousin Alternanthera Roseafolia (below), would be a good enough result.

Mainam Alternanthera Reineckii VAR. Roseafolia Telanthera Freshwater Red Stem Live Aquarium Plant

Tank Parameters and Fertilization

Tank size: 5 Gallon (I am using this tank: Ripples Premium Aquarium Glass Fish Tank (with Filter and LED Lights) 18.9L)

Light: It is just a basic starter kit LED light with 7 bulbs. Apparently rated just 2.9W.

Substrate: Aqua Gro Aquarium Soil by Ocean Free (it is a local brand by Qian Hu). It should be something similar to ADA Aqua Soil Amazonia II Normal Type (9L), maybe with less nutrients.

Fertilizer: So far I am only using Tropica Plant Growth Premium Fertiliser – 125 ml, one pump per week after water change.

Lighting schedule: I am using an electronic timer with 12 hour photoperiod: 10am-4pm, 5pm-11pm. In between 4-5pm is a siesta (rest/blackout) period (to build up some CO2 if possible).


Day 1 (23 Jan 2020): This is the first day of planting. Still quite purplish undertones. To plant the Tropica tissue culture, I plucked off some of the leaves on the lower stem, and then inserted it into the substrate. No trimming of roots were done (the roots were not long anyway).

Day 3: The next video below is the 3rd day. The pinkish red colors on the underside are mostly gone (quite worrying), but the plants is clearly alive and it has oriented its leaves to face upwards! It is now a olive color with hints of red/pink.

Day 4: Video below. Not much different from Day 3. I realized that there is a Dwarf Sag small plantlet with runner amongst the AR Mini. The Dwarf Sag is one plant that is thriving in the tank. It started with 2 mother plants and now there are at least 8 plants propagated naturally via runners. If necessary, I may remove the dwarf sag (just the one amongst the AR Mini).

Day 5: Melting and shedding of leaves. This is day 5 of planting the AR Mini in the low tech tank. A total of 3 leaves were shed today. I think it is either (a) transitioning from emersed to submersed growth or (b) dying. Hopefully it is the former!

Day 6: Just one leaf melt today. One entire stem got uprooted, maybe it was the snail or the shrimp that disturbed it. There is a little frenzy among the neon tetras and Amano shrimp trying to grab the shrimp pellet. I removed a dwarf sag plantlet among the AR Mini, and replanted the uprooted stem there.

Day 7: No shedding of leaves today, which is good news. I spotted something that looks like hair algae, it could well be a disintegrated Marimo moss ball from “Secret Shrimp Society”. Water change was done, as well as dosing of Tropica Premium Nutrition liquid fertilizer. I ended up trimming the Cryptocoryne Wendtii as its leaves were almost reaching the water surface. I also removed the disintegrated Marimo moss balls from “Secret Shrimp Society” as it was starting to look like hair algae.

Day 10: This is day 10 of growing Alternanthera Reineckii Mini in a low tech tank. The leaves seem to have “perked up” and are slightly pinkish. Overall it looks better than on day 7, I think. The contrast between day 3 is also quite clear. No CO2 in this tank.

Day 13: The AR Mini has changed to a nice orangey-red. There has been shedding of around one leaf per day. The plant still looks alive overall, and in fact has grown taller than the Dwarf Sag beside it. There has been some trimming of the taller plants in the tank (crypts and Anubias).

Day 16: It has passed the 2 week mark. The AR Mini is still alive in the low tech tank. I do observe some new leaves growing.

Day 20: The AR Mini plants are getting more bronze color and less red. The undersides are still a little pinkish red though. Overall quite surprised at the result in my low tech tank. (I was half expecting the plants to die.)

Further Ideas

I may add some root tabs in the future (will clearly indicate the moment when I do add it). According to the below video review (it is really excellent), the best root tab on the market seems to be Seachem Flourish Tabs Growth Supplement – Aquatic Plant Stimulant 40 ct.

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LaTeX Horizontal Flowchart (Workflow)

Updated this blogpost to add another method of drawing a Flowchart using LaTeX, for multiline flowcharts that require a line break.

Singapore Maths Tuition


Just found an excellent source on how to draw a simple (slightly fanciful) horizontal flowchart using LaTeX (TikZ).

The output is very neat:

The code is reproduced here (in case the original source gets deleted):

documentclass[tikz, margin=3mm]{standalone}usetikzlibrary{arrows.meta,
                }% for fancy looks of data storagesbegin{document}begin{tikzpicture}[
    node distance =5mm and 7mm,
      start chain = going right,
 disc/.style ={shape=cylinder, draw, shape aspect=0.3,
                shape border rotate=90,
                text width=17mm, align=center, font=linespread{0.8}selectfont},
  mdl/.style ={shape=ellipse, aspect=2.2, draw},
  alg/.style ={draw, align=center, font=linespread{0.8}selectfont}]begin{scope}[every node/.append style={on…

View original post 485 more words

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Red plant in low tech tank

Just bought this red plant at a local fish store at just $2. I am thinking it is Ludwigia repens (or possibly other type of Ludwigia).

Red plant (Ludwigia repens?) in low tech 5 gallon tank. No CO2. I bought this red stem plant for my fish to celebrate Chinese New Year. Hope it can survive in my tank!

Update: Unfortunately, upon further research, the above red plant may actually be Alternanthera sessilis which is not aquatic! The stems and leaves of the above said plant are quite hard and stiff, which is characteristic of a terrestrial plant.

I have tried to ask experts on the Planted Tank Forum, they have confirmed that it is not Ludwigia arcuata (which I originally thought it was).

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , | Leave a comment DBS CNY Promotion 2020

Link: DBS Promotion

1. What is the offer?

Spend S$40 or more on using your DBS/POSB card, and get S$10 added to your Gift Card balance for use on a future purchase.


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Latex footnote without symbol/asterisk

How to suppress symbol for LaTeX footnote

There are many solutions online, for example this Stack Exchange post. The one that worked for me is as follows:


%write the following immediately after documentclass{} if possible.




Subsequently, you can then use the \blfootnote command to write a footnote without any symbol (no asterisk, no star, etc.)

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Cheap Steamboat Cooker less than S$15!

PowerPac is a quite well-known and reliable local brand. It is very affordable, and buying online from their Qoo10 official store is even cheaper. It is only S$14.80 for this Steamboat Cooker. It is good enough for a small family gathering for Chinese New Year. There is also a Free BBQ plate for you to cook food like steak.

If you need a bigger pot, you can always purchase their bigger model (Model : 3.5L Steamboat and Multi Cooker (PPMC282)(+S$7.00)) which costs $21.80. There is another even bigger model (Model : 5L Multipurpose Steamboat pot and Cooker(PPMC718)(+S$19.00)) which costs S$33.80.

Qoo10 official store: PowerPac Official Store

Since it is a local company, it is perfectly suited for Singapore voltage, and is Safety Mark accredited. Good, safe, and value for money!

[S$14.80](▼79%)[PowerPac Promo]PowerPac Steamboat 1.1L Multi Cooker pot with Free BBQ Plate (PPMC182)


More Details:

PowerPac 1.1L Multi cooker Steamboat pot with Free BBQ Plate
/ Non-stick inner pot (PPMC182)

  • Multipurpose cooker for frying, steamboat,
  • BBQ and many more
  • 2 IN 1 come with a FREE BBQ plate
  • Variable heat settings
  • Tempered glass metastable Lid
  • Thermostat for temperature control
  • Cool touch for handle and base
  • Non-stick coating detachable inner pan
  • Power 800W
  • Voltage 220-240V, 50/60Hz
  • Package Dimensions 24 x 16 x 24CM
  • Safety Mark 180647-24

PowerPac 2.5L Electric Multi cooker noodle cooker Steamboat pot
with 304 Stainless steel inner pot (PPMC585)

  • Multi purpose cooker for steamboat, frying & many more
  • Variable heat settings
  • Tempered glass metastable Lid
  • Removable cord for convenience
  • 304 Food grade stainless steel pot
  • Cool touch for handle and base
  • Power 700W
  • Voltage 220-240V, 50/60Hz
  • Package Dimensions 25 x 13 x 25 CM
  • Safety Mark 181193-12

PowerPac 3.5L Steamboat & Multi Cooker (PPMC282)

  • Multi purpose cooker for frying, steamboat
  • Variable heat settings
  • Tempered glass metastable Lid
  • Thermostat for temperature control
  • Cool touch for handle and base
  • Non-stick coating detachable inner pan
  • Power Consumption : 1300 Watt
  • 220V-240V . 50Hz-60Hz
  • Safety Mark 190513-24
  • There are 2 compartments for you to have 2 types of soup, e.g. spicy and non-spicy.

PowerPac 5L Multipurpose Steamboat pot & Cooker with Non-stick inner pot (PPMC718)

  • Made from food grade alloy and coated with nano pottery technology to increase pan life
  • Suitable to steam, braised, stew, fried, bbq and all kind of cooking purpose
  • Metal alloy heating tube with protective cover for maximum safety and performance
  • 360 degree surrounding effect for evenly
  • heating the food
  • Double safety protection with automatic power off function upon unusual high temperature
  • 5 adjustable digital heating mode for control temperature to suits your cooking need
  • With healthy non sticky coating for better smoke resistant effect
  • Power 1500W
  • Voltage 220-240V, 50Hz
  • Package Dimensions 43.5 x 13.5 x 43.5CM
  • Safety Mark 180481-24

[S$14.80](▼79%)[PowerPac Promo]PowerPac Steamboat 1.1L Multi Cooker pot with Free BBQ Plate (PPMC182)


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Yusheng Promotion: 8 pax at only S$18.90 (A-One Claypot House)

Singapore Maths Tuition

[S$18.90](▼35%)🎁[A-One Claypot House]Prosperity Abalone Yu Sheng Serving up to 8 pax.(U.P $28.90).


This is quite a good deal (top seller on Qoo10). A-One is a well-known Chinese restaurant famous for their claypot dishes. The list of ingredients is quite extensive as well (includes abalone).

Do read the 1859 mostly positive reviews before you make your final decision!

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“Toxic environment” in Elite Secondary School (Singapore)

Just came across this Facebook post (originally by Pamela Lim):

For convenience, the post is reproduced below. Although the school is not explicitly named, it is quite easy to guess from the description which school it is! (It is probably a school that “offers a highly accelerated mathematics and science curriculum integrated with language, arts, humanities, sports, in a modular system.”)

Case study:

Anthony’s PSLE result was sterling and he got into an elite of elite secondary school, one that promises more than academic rigor, their high school credits can be used as credit transfers into a top university in Singapore.

Needless to say, it is a sought after secondary school, and the kids are studying 3-4 years ahead of their age peers in the areas they specialize in.

The celebration was short-lived. Within six months, the parents reached out to me. The high IQ child has school refusal problems. So I got our counselors involved to see how we can help.

Our advice was to remove him from a toxic environment where kids are often driven to a place where they feel deflated, over challenged and unaccomplished. We feel he should go to where his gifts are appreciated, where he can score well and his self-esteem is high. On the side, we promised to offer enrichment that will challenge and stimulate his intellectual needs. We felt he needed both social and intellectual support, and since he cannot get them both in the same place, we suggest splitting them.

Not unexpectedly, the parents and child felt that it was a ‘waste’ to give up a prestigious school, so they stayed. Yesterday, we received another call. In the six months since we last spoke, the child moved to an international school, and now refuse to go to the new school as well. In fact, he is refusing to get out of the house, so can we send in some psychologist.

To be honest, I don’t think we can ‘rescue’ a child like that, no matter how much they offer to pay us. He is only 14, and just 2 years ago, he was acing his cohort, happy about his situation, full of confidence of his future.

Source: Facebook

Just a disclaimer that “Toxic Environment” is a subjective term, one man’s meat can be another man’s poison. However, the fact of the matter is that many schools (especially elite schools like IP schools) do have high academic stress. The level of the internal tests in top IP schools is much higher than ‘O’ level standard. It is quite common for top students in PSLE to “fail” those tests in the elite IP schools, especially if they can’t adapt quickly to the style of tests.

Most notably, in top IP schools, what is tested in exams is quite often not taught in class! Students are expected to extrapolate the basic material taught in class, to tackle the tough questions in exams. Basically students need to 举一反三!(The teacher teach you one thing e.g. 1+1=2, the student needs to extrapolate and deduce for yourself 3 other things e.g. 1+2+3+…+99+100=5050.)

Needless to say, only minority of students (even in top schools) are capable of the above. Hence, that is why self-learning in the form of challenging assessment books or tuition has become quite popular as it is one way of overcoming the “teach simple, test difficult” style in top secondary schools or JCs.

Recommended books:

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How to speak to Human Singtel Customer Officer

Just to reblog this post on how to contact a human Singtel customer service operator. Do share it with your friends/relatives as it can be **extremely** difficult to contact Singtel during times of need.

Singapore Maths Tuition

If you try calling the Singtel hotline 1688, you will spend most of your time to navigate the maze of options trying to speak to a human Singtel Customer Officer. I have not managed to successfully find the option to speak to a human Singtel Chat Agent through the hotline, if you know the method please comment below!

Also, do not bother speaking to “Shirley” on the Contact Us page ( It is quite clear Shirley is not a human, but just a bot.

The Trick to Chat with a Human Singtel Customer Officer

  1. Go to the Contact Us page.
  2. Click on Ask Shirley
  3. Type “can i chat with customer service officer”.
  4. Type in the category of your question, e.g. “billing”, “voucher”, etc.
  5. Whatever Shirley says, just click “Submit Enquiry”
  6. Bingo! You are now connected to a Human Chat Agent!

From trial and error, this is the easiest…

View original post 52 more words

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“In my daughter’s school, no one scored A1 for Higher Chinese for the recent GCE O Levels”

O Level Higher Chinese Distinction Rate

Quite surprising to see news on Kiasuparents that the distinction rate for ‘O’ Levels HCL is so low.

Case study 1)

In the below case study, zero students scored A1 for Higher Chinese in the recent O Levels. This is very surprising since even in neighborhood schools, we would expect there to be at least a few students strong in Chinese. For example for Mathematics, even in neighborhood schools there is guaranteed to be at least a few students scoring A1.

In my DD’s (dear daughter) school, no one scored A1 for Higher Chinese for the recent GCE O Levels.

This is very surprising becos there are students who are very academically inclined and some have shown consistent strength in the subject over the 4 years in secondary school.

I wonder how other secondary schools perform in this subject. Or did MOE raised the standard or the school is just unlucky where their students exam papers were marked by an unusually strict examiner/marker?


Case Study 2)

The below case study is also very surprising since SAP schools are known to have a heavy emphasis on Chinese language and culture, usually leading to excellence in the Chinese subject. Examples of top SAP schools include Dunman High, Catholic High, Chung Cheng High School (Main), etc.

The distinction (rate) for HCL in my DS school is 29.6%. Considering that he is from a SAP school with strong Chinese culture.. this is quite low.. but to be fair.. with 8-9 subjects to manage and knowing that C6 will get you the 2 bonus points.. how many kids will aim for A1? My DS got C6 and he is happy that he got his 2 bonus points..


Do check out our blog post on O Level Bell Curve.

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Boeing mocked Lion Air calls for more 737 Max training before crash

Source: Straits Times

JAKARTA (BLOOMBERG) – Indonesia’s Lion Air considered putting its pilots through simulator training before flying the Boeing 737 Max but abandoned the idea after the planemaker convinced them in 2017 it was unnecessary, according to people familiar with the matter and internal company communications.

The next year, 189 people died when a Lion Air 737 Max plunged into the Java Sea, a disaster blamed in part on inadequate training and the crew’s unfamiliarity with a new flight-control feature on the Max that malfunctioned.

Read more at:

Quite unbelievable that such lack of regard for safety was demonstrated by Boeing. Note that the above news is taken from a major newspaper in Singapore, the Straits Times.

Another news by Bloomberg: Boeing’s 737 Max Software Outsourced to $9 -an-Hour Engineers.

The real reason Boeing 737 Max crashed twice is a software problem!

According to the video below, the real reason why the Boeing 737 Max crashed twice is none other than a software problem! (The software called MCAS keeps pushing the nose of the airplane downwards.)

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Paul Krugman Masterclass Review

URL: Paul Krugman Teaches Economics and Society

Paul Robin Krugman is an American economist who is the Distinguished Professor of Economics at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and a columnist for The New York Times. His notable awards include the Nobel Prize for Economics!

Students studying economics in high school or university are highly recommended to watch his Masterclass lessons (link to Masterclass website). It is always good to listen to insights from masters who have experienced economics at the highest level.

Prof. Krugman is also the author of a university level textbook titled Economics (co-written with Robin Wells):

He also writes several popular economic books for laymen, such as The Return of Depression Economics and the Crisis of 2008, where he predicts that the world’s economy is sliding into a deep recession (recall he is a Nobel Prize winner in Economics, not just any “bogus” author!). He also gives tips on how to avoid catastrophe in this case.

A detailed video review of Paul Krugman’s Masterclass is available below:

Link to his masterclass here: Masterclass Official Website (Krugman Economics)

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Shopee Promo Code

Herewith is a code for Shopee SG offer:

Promo Code: IACNYNEW
$8 off with min. spend of $16
Valid from 2 Jan 2020, 00:00 to 31 Jan 2020, 23:59

Click on this link to enter the official Shopee website:

(Please use the link above directly, thanks!)

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