**Solution: **

From the graph,

Median = 50th percentile = $22,000 (approximately)

The mean is lower than $22000 because from the graph, there is a large number of people with income less than $22000, and fewer with income more than $22000. (From the wording of the question, calculation does not seem necessary)

Hence, the **median is higher**.

The **mean is a better measure of central tendency**, as it is a better representative of the gross annual income of the people. This is because more people have an income closer to the mean, rather than the median.