The time it takes for a foreign spouse of a U.S. citizen to get permanent residence varies depending on whether the spouse lives in the U.S. or abroad. Each stage is summarised in the sections below, along with an estimate of how long each step takes U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
If the immigrant spouse is a permanent resident of the United States,
If you are married to a U.S. citizen and live in the United States, you will need to file for an adjustment of status while applying for your Marriage Green Card. The process of applying for a Marriage Green Card takes roughly 10 to 13 months on average. May break The procedure down into two parts.
The first step is to submit your Marriage Green card application, and the second is to go through the interview and approval process for your Green Card. In the sections that follow, we emphasize key phases of the procedure, and the time it takes USCIS to process them.
Application for a Green Card through Petition and Marriage
You must first establish your married relationship with a U.S. citizen before you can begin the Marriage Green Card application procedure. The U.S. citizen spouse must file Form I-130, often known as the “Petition for Alien Relative,” to do so. You must also complete Form I-485, known as the “Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status,” if you are a foreign spouse asking for a Marriage Green Card as an adjustment of status. will submit Both I-130 and I-485to USCIS at the same time. You must provide filing fees and supporting papers such as your birth certificate and marriage certificate with your paperwork. The average processing time for Form I-130 and Form I-485 is 9-11 months.
The U.S. citizen spouse must file an affidavit of support for their foreign spouse, often known as Form I-864.
A medical check is also required of the immigrant spouse seeking a Marriage Green Card. They have 60 days to complete the necessary Medical Exam and obtain a signed Form I-693 from the attending physician before submitting their application. This form, as well as for instructions for filling it out, may be found on the USCIS website.
Alternatively, after completing forms I-130 and I-485, the foreign spouse can finish the test and present the I-693 to their Marriage Green Card interview.
Appointment for biometrics
They will send Various messages to you throughout the application process. The notifications are USCIS’ means of keeping you up to date on the status of your application. Approximately 2-3 weeks after filing your Marriage Green Card application, you will receive a reminder to attend your biometrics session. You may learn more about these notices in our in-depth guide to filing for a Marriage Green Card.
Interview and approval for a Green Card for Marriage
Interview for a Marriage Green Card
You will get an appointment notification to attend a Green Card interview once USCIS has completed processing your application. Both the sponsoring and immigrant spouses must attend this interview for an adjustment of status application. The interview for a Marriage Green Card normally takes place 7 to 15 months after you submit your application.
Obtain a Marriage Green Card
At the interview, the interviewing officer will usually accept your Marriage Green Card application. If your Marriage Green Card application is approved by USCIS, you may anticipate obtaining your Green Card within 2-3 weeks after approval. For additional information on what to anticipate at your Marriage Green Card interview, see this article.
If you have been married for less than two years at the time of your interview, USCIS will give you a conditional Marriage Green Card. After two years of marriage, you can apply for a permanent Marriage, Green Card. For more information on how to apply for a Marriage Green Card, see this article.
Green Card Application for Marriage
When USCIS approves your petition, they will send it to the National Visa Center (NVC). The NVC will collect the relevant papers and documentation to determine if they will interview the foreign spouse in a U.S. embassy or consulate in their home country. It takes three to five months to complete the process. The documents are then forwarded to the U.S. embassy or consulate in the applicant spouse’s place of residence once they are complete. The NVC assigns your case a unique number.
After receiving the case number from NVC, will notify the foreign spouse by mail that they must complete the online DS-261 “Online Choice of Address and Agent” Form. Your DS-261 may take up to three weeks to be processed by the State Department.
They can then file Form DS-260 (immigrant visa application) at the NVC’s Consular Electronic Application Center after filing DS-261. is the genuine application for a Green Card for Marriage.
Examination by a physician
You must get a medical exam with a State Department-approved doctor before the interview. Our filing instructions provide extensive guidance on the medical examination process.
Get your Green Card!
Do not open this envelope; it will be opened by the Customs and Border Patrol Agent when you pass through customs.
You’ll be eligible to enter the United States as an immigrant with the status of permanent residence!
For more information on how to apply for the Green Card, see this article. Staff can help you prepare and file your Marriage Green Card application for free when you’re ready!