Children from higher socio-economic backgrounds are more likely to attend Integrated Programme (IP) secondary schools and their affiliated primary schools, as well as those that offer the Gifted Education Programme (GEP). – Straits Times
Another related news is Students in IP schools more confident of getting at least a university degree, also published by the Straits Times.
It is like a perpetual virtuous cycle: GEP/IP -> University -> Affluent -> GEP/IP (next generation) -> …, no wonder tuition is so popular in Singapore as no doubt every parent wants their child to get into the virtuous cycle above.
More research needs to be done on how lower-income families can be helped for their children to reach their fullest potential.