Limit: ε-δ Analysis

Math Online Tom Circle

For x->0, find limit L of

f(x)= (x³+5x)/x

1) guess L:

f(x)= x(x²+5)/x= x²+5

=> L= 5  when x->0

2) epsilon-delta Proof: find δ in function of ε such that:

|f(x)-5| < ε

|(x²+5)-5| <ε

|x|< √ε

Choose δ=√ε

For all ε, there is δ=√ε such that |x-0|< δ =>|f(x)-5|< ε

If ε=0.5, δ=√0.5=0.25

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