Why Newton’s Calculus Not Rigorous?

$latex f(x ) = frac {x(x^2+ 5)} { x}$ …[1]

cancel x (≠0)from upper and below => $latex f(x )=x^2 +5 $

$latex mathop {lim }limits_{x to 0} f(x) =x^2 +5= L=5 $ …[2]

In [1]: we assume x ≠ 0, so cancel upper & lower x

But In [2]: assume x=0 to get L=5

[1] (x ≠ 0) contradicts with [2] (x =…)

This is the weakness of Newtonian Calculus, made rigorous later by Cauchy’s ε-δ ‘Analysis’.

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