Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Friedrich_Gauss

**Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss** (/ɡaʊs/; German: *Gauß*, pronounced [ɡaʊs] ( listen); Latin: *Carolus Fridericus Gauss*) (30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855) was a German mathematician and physical scientist who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, electrostatics, astronomy and optics.

Sometimes referred to as the *Princeps mathematicorum*^{[1]} (Latin, “**the Prince of Mathematicians**” or “the foremost of mathematicians”) and “**greatest mathematician since antiquity**“, Gauss had a remarkable influence in many fields of mathematics and science and is ranked as one of history’s most influential mathematicians.^{[2]}

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