# The Reason Why Singaporean Students are Top in Maths (PISA)

Quite interesting analysis on how and why Singapore topped the ranking for PISA in Math/Science. One possible reason is the difficulty of PSLE trains students to solve tricky and difficult (for that level) math questions. It is well known that PSLE questions are more difficult (for students of their respective levels) than O Level E Maths questions. The peak difficulty in Singapore Maths Syllabus are at PSLE and then at H2 A Level Maths.

Overall, on average, the average Singaporean student is quite well-prepared in maths. Since PISA is measuring the average capability of students (rather than the top echelon of students), it is no surprise that Singapore would score rather highly in this aspect.

Note that China (Mainland) seems to be missing from the study. If China (especially if restricted to cities like Shanghai and Beijing) are included, they would be a strong contender for No. 1 position too, since it is well known that China Math is just as difficult, or even more so, especially at high school/senior high school level.

Source (in Chinese): http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/lQx4kmqMwNsZEUlXQbRIzw

（阅读提示，本文有点长，没耐心看废话的，直接拉到最后看一下就好。）

(Translation: America is also using Singapore Math material to teach their students!)

• 对知识的掌握能力；
• 应用能力；
• 推理能力。

1）本地数学题的特点：不出偏怪题，会让那些努力但不聪明的孩子，也有能力取得好成绩，不会失去学习兴趣。

2）新加坡的数学在某种程度上要比其他国家难。尤其是小五小六的数学word problems（相当于中国的应用题），比中国更难，因为不能用方程解，本地学生从小二就开始画model。 只有那些很聪明的孩子才能应付。（这句话真是说到了编辑部某位学妈的心坎里，回想当年陪娃儿读书，明明可以方程解，设个X，一元一次方程，不是很容易搞定吗，硬要从头学起画model，真是郁闷死了），所以本地有不少小五小六学生，会补习数学。毕竟从小五到高中毕业的A水准，要想拿A的话，还是挺有难度的。

3）至于中学数学，要比中国学得广，但没有中国深。本地更注重解题过程。数学的应用性也比中国强。它的O水准数学考试题目，时间比中国的中考长，难度比中国的也要大些。大概做个比较的话，本地的O水准高等数学一科，相当于中国高三的数学了（编者按：相对于中国高考考三天大概五六门，新加坡的O水准可是要考至少一个月的，而且像数学，也分好多子科目，单看所有科目的编号都是4位数的，就知道名堂特别多。）

4）本地的A水平数学题目，像写论文。所以学生的推理能力必须很强，才能解答。

5）相比中国的数学注重计算，速度以及一题多解，所以中国孩子的基础非常好。如果在中国有经过4年的小学数学训练，再来新加坡的话，基本就不要补习了。尤其那些在中国学霸级的学生来新后，一定还是学霸。

## Author: mathtuition88

http://mathtuition88.com

## 2 thoughts on “The Reason Why Singaporean Students are Top in Maths (PISA)”

1. Tony says:

The PISA results include an entry for B-S-J-G (China), which refers to the group of four PISA-participating Chinese provinces: Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, and Guangdong.

Mathematics rankings are:

#1 Singapore (564)
#2 HK (548)
#3 Macao (544)
#4 Taiwan (542)
#5 Japan (532)
#6 B-S-J-G China (531)
#7 South Korea (524)
#8 Switzerland (521)

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